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  1. #1
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    Default Baby Care

    Friday, Feb. 08, 2008
    Are Plastic Baby Bottles Harmful?
    By Laura Blue
    http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,...711398,00.html

    If a new report is to be believed, an entire generation of children has grown up drinking a toxic chemical from their earliest months: bisphenol A. A consortium of North American environmental and health groups released a paper Thursday showing that many major-brand baby bottles leach bisphenol A, and is now calling for a moratorium on the use of the compound — used to make polycarbonate plastic — in food and beverage containers.

    Researchers tested 19 baby bottles purchased in nine U.S. states and Canada. Bottle brands included Avent, Dr. Brown, Evenflo, Disney, Gerber and Playtex. When the bottles were heated to 175 degrees F (80 degrees C), every one of them leached bisphenol A at about 5 to 7 parts per billion. The report also suggested that because of the chemical makeup of bisphenol A, it may leach more in fatty or acidic liquids, such as milk or apple juice, than in water.

    It's a parent's nightmare. But before you panic, consider this: U.S. and E.U. health and environment authorities still stand behind polycarbonate plastic, putting the safe level of daily bisphenol A exposure at more than 25 times the levels found in baby bottles. (The Canadian agency, Health Canada, is currently reviewing its bisphenol A policy; conclusions are due in May.)

    So who's right? Opponents of bisphenol A say official safety figures are far too high, given what the chemical, which mimics the hormone estrogen in the body, does in animals. In the lab, even low exposure levels — adjusted for body weight — have been linked to a variety of sex-hormone-imbalance effects, including breast and prostate cancer, early puberty, miscarriage, low sperm count, and immune-system changes. Critics also claim that in developing infants, such sex-hormone effects may come into play at exposure levels far below what health authorities have deemed safe for adults. "The reproductive system is developing, the brain is developing, the immune system is developing," David Carpenter, director of the Institute for Health and the Environment at the University at Albany, told a news conference Thursday on behalf of the environmental agencies. Knowing that, he said, it is "absolutely obscene" to expose infants to the compound. Legislation has been proposed in several U.S. states to limit or ban the use bisphenol A. And a handful of stores, including Whole Foods and Patagonia, have yanked polycarbonate bottles from their shelves.

    Still, the scientific establishment disagrees. In a 2006 summary explaining its review of bisphenol A safety, the European Food Safety Authority argued that animal trials of the chemical simply don't tell us very much about humans. For one thing, when humans ingest the compound, it's quickly excreted through the urine; when rats and mice eat it, it's released into the bloodstream and remains in the body much longer — with much more time to throw off the body's sex-hormone balance, causing nasty effects.

    So far, the human data on bisphenol A have been "really inconclusive," says Antonia Calafat, a research chemist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, citing a lack of big quality studies testing the chemical's effects in humans. In order to prove definitively that bisphenol A is not harmful to people, researchers would need to conduct large, lengthy trials, such as those that finally concluded that thimerosal-containing vaccines do not cause autism in children. That would require rounding up a control group of participants with very little exposure to bisphenol A — no small feat. Calafat's recent findings showed that, among roughly 2,500 Americans tested in 2003 and 2004, more than 95% already had traces of bisphenol A in their urine. Alternatively, researchers could test how higher-than-average doses of bisphenol A affects people. Again, a likely dead end. "As a scientist it would be pretty much unethical to do that study knowing what [bisphenol A] does in animal studies," says Laura Vandenberg, a post-doc fellow at Harvard Medical School who researches bisphenol A, and is a critic of its use.

    The obvious solution may seem to be, when in doubt, ban it. If there's a chance that bisphenol A hurts kids, then why run the risk? Certainly, parents have little interest in waiting for scientific evidence when they think their children's health is in danger. Hence, the many state legislators who want to limit bisphenol A's use now. But without evidence, anything could be considered potentially harmful. Right now, U.S. and E.U. health and environment authorities still believe the best evidence supports continued use of regular polycarbonate baby bottles.

    Polycarbonate plastic is used for a reason: It's useful. Hard, shatterproof, lightweight and clear, it's in a huge range of products from water bottles and food storage containers, to lenses in eyeglasses and car headlights, CDs and DVDs, and even bulletproof glass. "Whether you realize it or not, you use it in your life every day," says Steven Hentges, head of the polycarbonate group at the industry lobby organization American Chemistry Council. There are, of course, alternatives to polycarbonates, like glass and other plastics. And for the growing number of consumers opposed to bisphenol A, there's no shortage of online resources to help find them.


    “Say: O My slaves who have transgressed against themselves! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (39:53)

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    Default Sugar Soothes Kids' Immunization Pain

    Sugar Soothes Kids' Immunization Pain
    Study Shows Sugar Solution for Infants Relieves Pain of Vaccination Shots
    By Jennifer Warner
    WebMD Medical News
    Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

    Feb. 4, 2008 -- A spoonful of sugar may help the medicine go down in some unexpected ways. A new study suggests sugar may prevent childhood immunization pain.

    Researchers found babies given a dose of sugar solution before their immunization shots experienced less pain than those given a placebo.

    Current immunization schedules call for children to receive up to 24 immunization shots before their second birthday and as many as five during a single visit. Despite the proven benefits of immunizations, some parents are reluctant to follow the immunization schedule due to fears about the pain caused by the shots.

    "Reluctance to adhere to the recommended immunization schedule may be partially explained by parental perception that their children endure a substantial amount of pain during routine immunizations: almost twice the amount they hypothesize an adult undergoing a similar injection would experience," write Linda A. Hatfield, PhD, CNNP, of the Pennsylvania State University School of Medicine and colleagues.

    Sugar Soothes Shot Pain
    In the study, researchers examined the pain-relieving effects of giving healthy 2-and 4-month old infants a small dose of sugar solution (sucrose) before their regularly scheduled immunizations.

    One hundred infants were randomly given either the sugar solution or plain water through a syringe and then given a pacifier two minutes prior to their immunization shots; researchers evaluated their pain on a standard scale.

    The factors used for measuring pain in the infants included crying, facial expressions, body movement, and behavior.

    The results showed both the 2- and 4-month old infants experienced less pain than those given the placebo two, five, seven, and nine minutes later. The sugar and placebo groups experienced the most pain at seven minutes with an average pain score of 3.8 and 4.8, respectively.

    After nine minutes, the placebo group had a 79% difference in average pain score compared with the sucrose group.

    Researchers say the study shows that sucrose may be an inexpensive, short-acting, nondrowsy, and easily administered way of reducing the pain of childhood immunizations and other minor medical procedures.

    http://children.webmd.com/news/20080...?src=RSS_Basic


    “Say: O My slaves who have transgressed against themselves! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (39:53)

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    Default Are Plastic Baby Bottles Harmful

    I am sorry you are sad about your daughter & sil having to move. it would be hard for anyone to turn down such a good offer with the way the economy is right now.

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    Default Sugar Soothes Kids Immunization Pain

    Im assuming that your asking about the small plastic type for kids.Yes my son and niece both used them.Recommended brands? Cant say that I really gave it much thought. Just bought the ones that were available at the time.Never had any problems with quality.

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    Default Babies 'should share mother's bed until age three'

    Bad news for dads: Babies 'should share mother's bed until age three' because it's good for their hearts


    • Sleeping alone makes it 'harder for mother and child to bond and damages the development of the brain'
    • Researchers believe this lead to bad behavior as the child grows up



    Babies should sleep in their mother’s bed until they are at least three years old, it was claimed last night.

    The controversial advice comes from a pediatrician who found that two-day-old babies who were placed in cots slept less well than those who dozed on their mother’s chest.

    Their hearts were also under more stress, it was claimed.

    Sleeping alone makes it harder for mother and child to bond - and damages the development of the brain, leading to bad behavior as the child grows up, researchers fear.

    Dr Nils Bergman, of the University of Cape Town, South Africa, says that for optimal development, healthy newborns should sleep on their mother’s chest for the first few weeks

    After that, they should stay in the mother’s bed until they are three or even four years old.

    However, studies linking bed-sharing with an increased risk of cot death and fears that a mother will roll over and smother her child means that women are generally advised against this.

    In a recent British study of sudden infant deaths, almost two-thirds of those that were unexplained occurred when the bed was being shared.
    But Dr Bergman said: ‘When babies are smothered and suffer cot deaths, it is not because their mother is present. It is because of other things: toxic fumes, cigarettes, alcohol, big pillows and dangerous toys.’

    Sixteen infants were studied while they slept on their mother’s chest and in a cot by her bed. Monitoring revealed the baby’s heart to be under three times as much stress when he or she slept alone.

    Being in a cot also disrupted sleep, with the babies’ brains less likely to ‘cycle’ or make the transition between two types of sleep called active and quiet.

    In the cots, only six out of the 16 had any quiet sleep and its quality was far worse.

    Making this transition is thought to be key to the normal development of the brain.

    Animal studies have linked the combination of stress and lack of sleep to behavioral problems in teenage years.

    Dr Bergman said that changes to the brain brought on by stress hormones may make it more difficult to form relationships later on, leading to problems such as promiscuity.

    The National Childbirth Trust is in favor of bed-sharing, as long as the parents have not been smoking, drinking or using drugs and are not obese, ill or excessively tired.

    Professor George Haycock of the Foundation for the Study of Infant Deaths, said: ‘Our position as a foundation is that we owe it to the public to recommend that the safest place is in a cot in the parents’ room.’

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/ar...#ixzz2rT0wY02Q

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    Default Baby 'Sleep Machines' Could Damage Hearing: Study

    Baby 'Sleep Machines' Could Damage Hearing: Study



    Keep volume low and place device well away from crib, expert says

    That’s the conclusion of a study published today by the official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Researchers at the University of Toronto evaluated 14 popular machines that emit ocean sounds, heartbeats and other ambient noise to help send infants off to slumberland. Some are shaped like stuffed animals and designed to attach to a crib or a stroller.


    At full volume, these infant sleep machines produced between 69 and 93 decibels of sound approximately one foot from the child’s ears — somewhere between the sound of a vacuum cleaner and a passing subway train, according to guidelines published by the American Speech Language Hearing Association.

    Three of the units exceeded 85 decibels, the workplace safety limit for adults established by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. The report does not indicate which brands of machine it tested.

    “These machines are capable of delivering noise that we think is unsafe for full-grown adults in mines,” senior researcher Dr. Blake Papsin told the New York Times.

    Aside from damaging a child’s hearing, researchers warned that prolonged exposure to loud noise could theoretically delay development of the brain’s auditory cortex, citing a 2003 study on rats.
    The report urges manufacturers of such devices to limit their maximum output, to add warning labels and to install timers that automatically shut machines off after a specified period.

    In the meantime, parents can reduce the risk substantially by moving the machines farther from the child, turning down the volume and not leaving them on all night.

    http://www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/...study-suggests

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    Default What Every Parent Needs to Know About Secondary Drowning

    What Every Parent Needs to Know About Secondary Drowning

    By Parenting – May 29, 2014

    The weekend of May 17, writer Lindsay Kujawa and her toddler son Ronin were at a family pool party. Kujawa sat at the edge of the pool while Ronin played on the top step of the spa, and for five seconds she shifted her position to say something to a relative. Suddenly, she noticed Ronin wasn't on the step and was instead being whirled around by the jets in the whirlpool, frantically trying to get his head above water. She pulled him out immediately and other than him coughing and being very upset, he seemed totally fine after a few minutes and they went on with the rest of the party.

    When they got home later on that day, Kujawa noticed that Ronin was acting a little odd-he seemed extremely tired and had a weird cough. To be on the safe side, she put a call into his pediatrician, and was surprised to get an immediate call back. The usually calm pediatrician was emphatic that they go to the ER immediately, because she thought Ronin may have been experiencing secondary drowning.

    At this point, Ronin was almost unresponsive.

    Many parents have never heard of secondary drowning, but it can happen in a pool, in the ocean, and even in a bathtub. "It occurs when a small amount of inhaled fluid acts as an irritant, causing inflammation and leakage of liquid into the lung," says Michael Roizen, MD, chief wellness officer at the Cleveland Clinic and co-founder of YouBeauty. "In some cases, the body may respond by pushing even more liquid into the lungs (this is called pulmonary edema) over the following hours, reducing the ability to breathe and leading a person to drown in their own body fluids." The reaction can take place up to 72 hours after a near drowning incident.

    Luckily for Kujawa and Ronin, the ER doctor saw them right away and quickly ordered a round of blood tests and X-rays. His chest X-rays were not good: The doctor said his lungs were aspirated, which could be very serious, and he immediately ordered an ambulance to transport them to Children's Hospital in San Diego to see a pediatric specialist.

    Ronin turned out to be OK-the water in his lungs began to clear out after treatment and close monitoring. One doctor told Kujawa that this freak accident happens more often than you'd think-there were two other cases on the same floor with secondary drowning symptoms that very day! She also said it was right to bring Ronin in and that many times it goes terribly wrong for children in similar situations (as in, their parents put their kids down to sleep and they never wake up again.)

    We'd never heard of secondary drowning until reading Lindsay's story-and we just had to pass it on to our readers. It turns out that the World Health Organization has tried to limit use of the term "secondary drowning" since it issued a 2005 report aimed at improving reporting and prevention around the world. The paper called for secondary drowning (along with five other types) to all be considered the same thing-drowning-whether or not the incidents are fatal or the effects immediate.

    Regardless of what you call it, as we can learn from Ronin, it's still very much a threat to small children. "If your child breathes in water or comes out of the pool coughing or sputtering, monitor them closely, keeping an eye out for difficulties in breathing, extreme tiredness or behavioral changes," says Roizen. "All of these are signs that your little swimmer may have inhaled too much fluid."

    Secondary drowning is something every parent needs to know about, so please read this if you're a parent or share it if you're a friend of a parent!


    https://shine.yahoo.com/parenting/ev...162500883.html


    Secondary Drowning,
    What you need to know


    Secondary drowning can be difficult to recognize since the victim appears to be ok right after a near-drowning event. Your child may breathe in a very small amount of water and seem like they have successfully expelled it through coughing. In secondary drowning the water may fill up some of the oxygen rich pores of the lungs, which reduces the ability to oxygenate blood as it passes through. The heart does not slow down significantly with this process but rather very very slowly so your child will still be able to talk and walk. The only symptoms may be a sudden change in personality or level of awareness (just like Ronin experienced) as the blood oxygen level drops over time.

    So if your child has experienced a near drowning experience (it can happen in as little water as a puddle or in the bathtub) watch for a sudden change of personality or energy level. You can save your child's life if you act quickly and get them medical treatment immediately.

    http://www.delightedmomma.com/2014/0...xperience.html


 

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