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Thread: Health Issues

  1. #81
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    A Facebook Photo May Have Saved a Girl's Sight

    By Beth Greenfield - 4/3/2014

    Tennessee mother of two Tara Taylor may have very well saved the vision of her 3-year-old daughter simply by posting her photo on Facebook. That’s where two observant friends saw the picture and noticed a strange glow in little Rylee’s left eye, prompting the eye exam that revealed she had Coats disease, a rare retinal disorder.

    “They said, ‘Hey, I’m sure it’s nothing. It’s probably the lighting, but your daughter’s eye is glowing and you might want to have it checked out because it’s a sign there could be an issue with her eye,’” Tara told WREG Memphis. After a trip to the doctor, she discovered her friends' instincts were right.

    “Anything that happens in the retina will alter that red reflex, or ‘red eye,’ which is a reflex from the back of the retina,” Dr. Jorge Calzada tells Yahoo Shine. While Rylee's right eye did have the typical red eye, the left eye had a larger, more yellowish glow to it, because “she had a scar in the back part of her eye,” says Calzado, the opthalmologist specializing in retinal surgery who diagnosed Rylee at the Charles Retina Institute.

    Coats disease, named for the Scottish ophthalmologist George Coats, who first identified it, involves the abnormal development of the blood vessels behind the retina, which is the layer of tissue lining the eye’s inner surface. It can lead to retinal swelling and detachment and cause vision loss, typically in one eye only, if not caught early enough. In those lucky cases of early detection, such as Rylee’s, treatments including laser therapy or cryotherapy can save or restore a person’s eyesight.

    Warning signs may include an eye drifting inward or a noticeable loss of vision, Calzada notes. However, this wasn't the case for Rylee. “She didn’t sit close to the TV. She is actually in gymnastics and can walk on the balance beam, so there was no indication that there were any visual problems with her left eye,” Tara told WREG Memphis.

    An eye with a glow like Rylee’s should never be ignored, Calzada stresses. “If you see that odd reflection or lack of a red reflex, get a dilated-eye exam,” he says. It could be a warning sign not only of Coats, but also of problems including a cataract, retinal detachment or even retinoblastoma, a cancerous tumor of the retina. “Thank God the child did not have that,” he says.



    Children won't tell you that they can't see out of one eye or hear from one ear. Parents should have them checked out regularly, or even do simple tests themselves... such as covering one eye or ear while using the other to tell you what they see or hear. The method (only one red eye in the pictures) mentioned in this article could be used also.

  2. #82
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    Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Are Now In Every Part of the World

    A report by the World Health Organization found that drug-resistant strains of infections have emerged in every part of the world, which means that patients who pick up E. coli or pneumonia don’t have an effective way to control their illnesses

    In a first-of-its-kind report, World Health Organization (WHO) announced today that bacterial infections that can’t be treated with the antibiotics of last resort have emerged in every part of the world, which means that patients who pick up E. coli, pneumonia or staph infections don’t have an effective way to control their illnesses. In some countries, more than half of people infected with K. pneumonia bacteria won’t respond to carbapenems. A similar percentage of patients with E. coli infections won’t be helped by taking fluoroquinolone antibiotics.

    The growth of drug-resistant strains of bacteria means infections are either harder or impossible to control, which could lead to quicker spread of diseases and higher death rates, especially among hospital patients. But even more concerning, say experts like Dr. Martin Blaser, director of the human microbiome program at the New York University Langone Medical Center and author of Missing Microbes, is how these antibiotics are affecting the makeup of both good and bad bacteria that live within us – our microbiome. “The first big cost of antibiotics is resistance,” he says. “But the other side of the coin is [the fact that] antibiotics are extinguishing our microbiome and changing human development.

    By that, Blaser is referring to growing research that shows that the trillions of bacteria that live in and on our bodies play a critical role in our health. Bacteria and microbes aren’t always enemies of a healthy body, but can be allies as well, helping us to digest food, fight off disease-causing bugs, and more. Early studies suggest that different communities of bacteria in the gut, for example, may affect our risk of obesity and of developing certain cancers. Other intriguing work hints that babies born vaginally and are exposed to their mother’s reproductive tract flora, may develop different immune systems that better prepare them to combat allergens compared to those who are born via Cesarean section. But overuse of antibiotics is slowing wiping out the good bacteria with the bad, and that may have serious consequences for public health years from now, warns Blaser.

    Last December, the FDA put the antimicrobial army on notice, informing the makers of these products that they will have to prove that their products work better than soap and water. Consumers have been urged to resist overusing sanitizers. More ominously, FDA also warned that triclosan, a synthetic compound found in antibacterial soaps, deodorants, even toothpaste, may have health issues of its own. “Some data suggest that long-term exposure to certain active ingredients used in antibacterial products — for example, triclosan (liquid soaps) and triclocarban (bar soaps) — could pose health risks, such as bacterial resistance or hormonal effects” the FDA stated.

    The WHO report highlights how individual decisions about prescribing antibiotics can have more widespread, even global consequences. “If I prescribe a heart medicine for a patient, that heart medicine is going to affect that patient,” says Blaser. “But if I prescribe an antibiotic, that antibiotic will affect the entire community to some degree. And the effect is cumulative.”

    The first step in pushing back, public health experts say, is to reduce our over-prescription of antibiotics for minor infections that don’t necessarily require them, and that applies to both people and food-producing animals such as poultry and livestock. Animals can harbor and pass on drug-resistant bacteria as well as people can, and expanded use of antibiotics in agriculture in recent years has contributed to the growth of more aggressive bugs. In the home, people can refrain from using antibacterial soaps, which also push bacteria to become resistant.

    “What we urgently need is a solid global plan of action which provides for the rational use of antibiotics so that quality-assured antibiotics reach those who need them, but are not overused or priced beyond reach,” says Dr. Jennifer Cohn, medical director of Doctors Without Borders’ Access Campaign.
    That may also help to protect our microbiomes, which in turn could slow the appearance of chronic diseases such as obesity, cancer and allergies. As the WHO findings show, antibiotic resistance is now everyone’s problem.



    Antibacterial soap is 'pointless' because most people use it incorrectly, expert warns

    By Emma Innes - 2 April 2014

    Antibacterial soap is pointless because most people do not use it correctly, a researcher has claimed.

    The increasingly popular product has little or no benefit for most people because they do not wash their hands for long enough.

    Dr Rolf Halden, from the Center for Environmental Security, at Arizona State University, says the soaps are beneficial in hospitals where people know how to use them, but that they are pointless in the home.

    He said that to kill bacteria people need to wash their hands with antibacterial soap for 20 to 30 seconds, but that most people only do so for an average of six seconds.

    As a result, he says antibacterial soaps will be no more effective than other soaps, Live Science reports.

    Dr Halden adds that microbes can also adapt to antibacterial ingredients in the soaps, meaning they become resistant to them.

    He believes this could even increase their resistance to antibiotics which could make it more difficult for doctors to treat infections.

    Dr Halden has also warned that there is some evidence to suggest the chemicals in antibacterial soaps can affect our hormone levels.

    During the last 20 years, the number of products containing triclosan and triclocarban – antimicrobial chemicals – has soared.

    As a result, some three-quarters of people in the U.S. now have the substances in their urine.

    The Food and Drug Administration has now started the process of regulating the use of antibacterial products.

    It says they will have to be taken out of all products unless the manufacturers can prove they are both effective and safe for human use.

    ‘The FDA's move is a prudent and important step toward preserving the efficacy of clinically important antibiotics, preventing unnecessary exposure of the general population to endocrine disrupting and potentially harmful chemicals, and throttling back the increasing release and accumulation of antimicrobials in the environment,’ Dr Halden told Live Science.


  3. #83
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    Minnesota becomes the first state to ban Triclosan out of environmental and health concerns

    By Associated Press -19 May 2014

    A widely-used germ-killing ingredient in soaps, deodorants and even toothpaste has been banned in Minnesota over fears that the chemical has a negative effect on users health and the environment.

    Governor Mark Dayton on Friday signed a bill to make Minnesota the first state to prohibit the use of triclosan in most retail consumer hygiene products.

    Triclosan is used in an estimated 75 per cent of anti-bacterial liquid soaps and body washes sold across the United States, according to the Food and Drug Administration.

    The federal agency announced last year that it would revisit the safety of triclosan and other germ-killing ingredients used in personal cleaning products.

    While triclosan hasn't been shown to be hazardous to humans, studies have raised concerns that it can disrupt hormones critical for reproduction and development, at least in lab animals, and contribute to the development of resistant bacteria.

    The Minnesota ban isn't due to take effect until January 1, 2017 but one of its lead sponsors, state senator John Marty, predicted Monday that the odds are good that most manufacturers will phase out triclosan by then anyway.

    Mr Marty, a Democrat, said other states and the federal government are likely to act, too. He added that some companies are already catching on that there's no marketing advantage to keeping triclosan in its products, citing how Procter & Gamble's Crest toothpaste is now marketing itself as triclosan-free.

    Critics including the FDA say there's no evidence that triclosan soaps are any more effective than washing with plain soap and water for preventing the spread of diseases.

    A University of Minnesota study published last year found increasing levels of triclosan in the sediments of several lakes, and that the chemical can break down in those waters into potentially harmful dioxins. Two months later, Dayton ordered all state agencies to stop buying hand soaps and dish and laundry cleaners containing triclosan.

    The American Cleaning Institute had urged Dayton to veto the new bill, saying triclosan has been thoroughly researched and shown to provide important health benefits.

    'Instead of letting federal regulators do their jobs, the legislation would take safe, effective and beneficial products off the shelves of Minnesota grocery, convenience and drug stores,' Douglas Troutman, the trade group's vice president and counsel for governmental affairs, wrote in a letter to Dayton.

    Under an FDA rule proposed in December, manufacturers of anti-bacterial hand soaps and body washes would have to demonstrate that their products are safe for daily use, and more effective than plain soap and water. Otherwise, they would need to reformulate these products or remove anti-bacterial claims from the labels. The agency is still taking public comments on the proposal.

    Some manufacturers have announced plans over the last couple years to at least partially phase out triclosan. Procter & Gamble plans to finish dropping the chemical from its products this year. Johnson & Johnson plans to eliminate it from all its consumer products by 2015.


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    Stress can make men infertile

    • Men who feel stressed have fewer, slower sperm
    • It is not fully understood how stress affects semen quality
    • It may trigger the release of steroid hormones called glucocorticoids

    By Paul Donnelley | 1 June 2014

    Stress can make men infertile, warns a new study.

    Researchers found men who feel stressed have fewer, slower sperm - which may diminish fertility.

    The findings, published online in the journal Fertility and Sterility, show that psychological stress is harmful to sperm and semen quality, affecting its concentration, appearance, and ability to fertilise an egg.

    Infertility affects men and women equally, and semen quality is a key indicator of male fertility.

    Study senior author Dr Pam Factor-Litvak, associate professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health in the United States, said: ‘Men who feel stressed are more likely to have lower concentrations of sperm in their ejaculate, and the sperm they have are more likely to be misshapen or have impaired motility.

    ‘These deficits could be associated with fertility problems.’

    The researchers studied 193 men, ages 38 to 49. The men completed tests to measure work and life stress on a subjective scale - how they felt overall and objective scale - life events behind the stress). They also provided semen samples.

    Technicians at the University of California, Davis, used standard methods employed in fertility testing to assess the samples for semen concentration, and sperm appearance and motility.

    Measured subjectively or objectively, life stress degraded semen quality, even after accounting for men’s concerns about their fertility, their history of reproductive health problems, or their other health issues.

    Workplace stress was not a factor, however the researchers say it may still affect reproductive health since men with job strain had diminished levels of testosterone.

    Being without a job did not improve matters. Unemployed men had sperm of lower quality than employed men, regardless of how stressed they were.

    Dr Factor-Litvak said it is not fully understood how stress affects semen quality. It may trigger the release of steroid hormones called glucocorticoids, which in turn could blunt levels of testosterone and sperm production. Another possibility is oxidative stress, which has been shown to affect semen quality and fertility.

    The study’s first author Dr Teresa Janevic, an assistant professor at the Rutgers School of Public Health, added: ‘Stress has long been identified as having an influence on health.

    ‘Our research suggests that men’s reproductive health may also be affected by their social environment.’

    She said that while several previous studies have examined the link between stress and semen quality, the current one is the first to look at subjective and objective measures of stress and find associations with semen concentration, and sperm appearance and motility.


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    Aspirin for heart attack: Chew or swallow?

    For an aspirin to save your life during a heart attack, you need to chew it.

    May 2005

    You’'ve always been healthy, but you seemed to run out of steam at your wife’s 60th birthday dinner last week. And now your chest feels heavy, as if you’re in a vise. You take some antacids, even though it’s 7:00 a.m. and you haven’t even had breakfast. But you get no relief, and the pain is spreading to your jaw and shoulder. You call your wife, who takes one look at you and rushes to the phone. After calling 911, she brings you an aspirin and some water.

    Your wife got it right: You may be having a heart attack, and you need to get to the hospital fast. You also need to get some aspirin into your system quickly — but should you chew the tablet or swallow it?

    The reason you need aspirin is the same reason you should call 911 without delay: A heart attack is a dynamic event, and early intervention can limit the damage. The paramedics can give you oxygen and medication, and they’ll monitor your blood pressure and heart rhythm to forestall complications as they speed you to the ER. In the hospital, doctors will take EKGs and blood tests to see if you are having a heart attack; if so, they will usually try to open the blocked artery with an angioplasty and stent or, if that’s not available, with a clot-busting drug.

    It’s modern cardiology at its best, and it has improved considerably the outlook for heart attack victims. But how can a humble aspirin tablet add to high-tech medicine, and why is speed so important?

    Most heart attacks develop when a cholesterol-laden plaque in a coronary artery ruptures. Relatively small plaques, which produce only partial blockages, are the ones most likely to rupture. When they do, they attract platelets to their surface. Platelets are the tiny blood cells that trigger blood clotting. A clot, or thrombus, builds up on the ruptured plaque. As the clot grows, it blocks the artery. If the blockage is complete, it deprives a portion of the heart muscle of oxygen. As a result, muscle cells die — and it’s a heart attack.

    Aspirin helps by inhibiting platelets. Only a tiny amount is needed to inhibit all the platelets in the bloodstream; in fact, small amounts are better than high doses. But since the clot grows minute by minute, time is of the essence.

    To find out how aspirin works fastest, researchers in Texas asked 12 volunteers to take a standard 325-mg dose of aspirin in three different ways: by swallowing a tablet with 4 ounces of water, by chewing the tablet for 30 seconds before swallowing it, or by drinking 4 ounces of water with Alka-Seltzer. Each subject tried all three methods on an empty stomach on different days. The scientists monitored blood levels of aspirin and its active ingredient, salicylate, at frequent intervals, and they also measured thromboxane B2 (TxB2), an indicator of platelet activation that drops as platelets are inhibited.

    By all three measurements, chewed aspirin worked fastest. It needed only five minutes to reduce TxB2 concentrations by 50%; the Alka-Seltzer took almost 8 minutes, and the swallowed tablet took 12 minutes. Similarly, it took 14 minutes for the chewed tablet to produce maximal platelet inhibition; it took Alka-Seltzer 16 minutes and the swallowed tablet 26 minutes (see graph below).

    Aspirin can help prevent heart attacks in patients with coronary artery disease and in healthy men over 50 years of age. Only low doses, between 81 and 325 mg a day, are needed. But people who think they may be having an attack need an extra 325 mg of aspirin, and they need it as quickly as possible. For the best results, chew a single full-sized 325-mg tablet, but don’t use an enteric-coated tablet, which will act slowly even if chewed. And don’t forget to call 911, then your doctor. It’s a contemporary update on the old reminder to take two aspirin and call in the morning — and it’s good advice to chew over.


  6. #86
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    Black Cumin seed oil is extracted from black cumin seed, also referred to as black seed, kalonji seeds, has the scientific name of Nigella Sativa.

    The plant is mostly found in Middle East and in this region of earth, it is popularly known as haba al-barakah, meaning blessed seeds for many of its palliative properties. Black Cumin is also variously called as nutmeg flower, fennel flower and Roman coriander.
    Black cumin seed is a very popular spice variety, and it is also used for garnishing major food items both in Oriental and European nations.
    It is so notable a variety of black cumin seed that we can refer to the famous phrase uttered by Prophet Mohammed that black cumin seed could cure anything but death itself.
    in fact, the uses of black cumin seed oil and extract for curing cancer is well known.

    “Seeds of the black cumin plant could cure anything but death itself “- The prophet Mohammad


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    Doctors Are Now Warning: If You Use Aluminum Foil, Stop It Or Face Deadly Consequences

    by David Vanallen - December 16, 2016

    Aluminum foils is one of the most used kitchen items. Except for cooking, it's also used for wrapping and even for treatment of common ailments. However, a recent discovery has shed new light on this kitchen staple.

    For one thing, aluminum is a neurotoxic heavy metal that has an adverse effect on brain function, and has even been linked to Alzheimer's disease. Medical experts warn that exposure to this metal may result in mental decline, as well as loss of coordination, bodily control, memory, and balance. Needless to mention, the effects can be long-lasting.

    The afore-mentioned study also found that cooking with aluminum foil possibly affects the bones as well, owing to the fact that the metal accumulates inside the bones taking over calcium in the competition for the tight bone space. The end result is loss of the much needed calcium for proper bone health.

    In addition, researchers have also linked cooking with aluminum foil with pulmonary fibrosis and other respiratory issues due to inhalation of aluminum particles. Grilling with aluminum produces the same effect.

    Although we've long been familiar with the fact that aluminum cans are a serious health threat, somehow tin foil was never a subject for discussion.

    What most people are unaware of is that when exposed to high temperatures, aluminum foil releases parts of the metal into the food. Even if these tiny pieces are not released, chemical leaching of aluminum may still occur when some spices or lemons are added.

    Dr. Essam Zubaidy, a chemical engineering researcher at the American University of Sharjah, has studied the effects of aluminum on cooking. He discovered that one meal cooked in aluminum foil can basically contain up to 400mg of aluminum.

    In his words, "The higher the temperature, the more the leaching. Foil is not suitable for cooking and is not suitable for using with vegetables like tomatoes, citrus juice or spices."

    According to the World Health Organization, the RDA (recommended daily allowance) for aluminum is limited to 60mg per day.



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