Welcome to the Net Muslims Forums.
Page 6 of 6 FirstFirst ... 23456
Results 101 to 112 of 112
  1. #101
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    After Serving Indian Army For 30 Years, Retired Soldier Branded As Bangladeshi In Assam

    October 01, 2017

    A retired army officer who served the country for 30 years has been branded as a Bangladeshi immigrant by Assam police and asked him to prove his Indian nationality. Mohd Azmal Hoque, who retired as a junior commissioned officer (JCO) last year was living a peaceful life until last month he received a notice a foreigners’ tribunal last month.

    Hoque has been asked to prove he is Indian and not an illegal Bangladeshi immigrant.


    In Assam, the state government has established 100 foreigner’s tribunals to detect the illegal immigrants, especially those who entered India after the creation of Bangladesh. The notice also mentions that district police has registered a case against him alleging that he came to Assam illegally without any valid documents after March 25, 1971, the day Pakistan army launched Operation Searchlight against the people of then East Pakistan.

    The notice was issued on July 6 and Hoque was to appear before the court on September 11 to prove his citizenship, failing which the case against him would continue ex-parte. But the 49-year-old failed to appear before the court as the notice reached his ancestral village Kalahikash near Boko, nearly 70 km from the state capital, after September 11. He will now have to appear before the tribunal on October 13.

    “This incident has saddened me a lot. Even after 30 years of service to the nation, we are asked to prove our identity. This is unnecessary harassment,” he told Hindustan Times.

    http://www.indiatimes.com/news/india...am-330816.html

    comments:

    Now that they have gotten all of their use out of him and have to pay him retirement benefits they play this game to get rid of him. These are the same Hindus who accuse Pakistan of calling the Pakistanis as "muhajir" (immigrants) even today for migrating to Pakistan from India after the partition.

  2. #102
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    Hindu Husband Cuts Wife's Nose Off For Dowry

    Husband cuts off wife’s nose and runs away with it because her family couldn’t afford to pay a dowry

    By Gareth Davies - 16 September 2016

    A distraught wife in India will be scarred for life after her husband of eight years allegedly cut off her nose because her family couldn't afford a marriage dowry.

    Kamlesh Rathore, 25, from Shahjahanpur, in Uttar Pradesh, northern India, said her husband, Sanjeev Rathore, 27, had been demanding a dowry of Rs 50,000 (£550) ever since they got married.

    A dowry is part of Indian custom and is either cash, jewellery or land that the bride's family gives to the groom as a condition of any marriage.

    Kamlesh said: 'He harassed me every day for the dowry. He was constantly demanding Rs 50,000.

    'I repeatedly told him that my father is very poor and he cannot afford such an amount but he did not listen and used to threaten me that he'll chop off my nose.

    'He has beaten me for years. He's used belts, slippers, sticks and has always tortured me. He used to accuse me of working as a prostitute and threaten to sell me. He was always drunk. During our eight years of marriage he was very harsh with me.'

    On September 14, Kamlesh was cooking dinner when Sanjeev started shouting and demanding money again.

    She said that suddenly, from behind, her in-laws grabbed her and held her down while her husband allegedly chopped off her nose.


    'They all grabbed me tightly. I could not move. And then out of nowhere I saw a knife and he chopped off my nose,' Kamlesh recalled.

    Kamlesh, who has a six-year-old daughter, said her husband and in-laws fled as soon as they chopped off her nose.

    His last words were: 'You'll now be like this forever'.


    Kamlesh quickly called her parents who lived nearby and they rushed her to the nearest medical centre.

    She was still bleeding heavily when she arrived at the primary health centre, in Shahjahanpur, where doctors were only able to dress the wound. They could not re-attach the nose as Sanjeev had taken it with him.

    Kamlesh's older brother, Sachin, 26, said the family cannot afford any future surgery for Kamlesh to fix her nose.

    'My sister's husband has been very cruel. He has given her a terrible life and now this. He even took her nose and gifted it to the gods at his temple. He's a sick man.'

    Superintendent Manoj Kumar, at Khutar police station, in Shahjhanpur, said the husband and family are on the run.

    He said: 'An FIR (First Information Report) is registered. This is a dowry case and the family were demanding money. We're still chasing the husband, mother-in-law, father-in-law, sister and brother-in-law. Until we catch them we cannot say any more.'

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3792713/Husband-cuts-wife-s-nose-runs-away-family-couldn-t-afford-pay-dowry.html

    Newly Married Woman Murders Hubby For Not Being Handsome

    Apr 11, 2017

    A newly married woman murdered her husband by smashing his head with a grinding stone, upset that he was not handsome, police said today.

    The 22-year old woman, who got married about a week ago, attacked her husband fatally last night in their house here following a quarrel.

    Police said the woman started hating her husband, a wood sculptor in his mid 20s, because her friends and relatives said he was not handsome and not a match for her.

    Though the woman came out and cried saying someone has murdered her husband, police after investigations arrested her today on the charge of killing him.

    She was produced before a local court which remanded her to judicial custody.

    http://indilogs.blogspot.in/2017/04/...n-murders.html
    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/newly-married-woman-murders-hubby-for-not-being-handsome/articleshow/58132563.cms

    comments:

    Apparently she was fine with his looks to marry him, but not after the other women told her otherwise.

    If anything, it's the husband who should be objecting to her not being good looking enough after all of the makeup comes off and her real face is shown.


    Hindu BJP Attempt to Foment Communal Riot by Dumping Meat in Temple Foiled

    The attempt to create communal tension in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala by dumping meat in temple premises was foiled by the people.

    01 Sep 2017

    The attempt to create communal tension in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala by dumping meat in temple premises was foiled by the people. The incident occurred in Nemom, from where O Rajagopal was elected as the sole MLA of the BJP in the State.

    Meat and food waste was being dumped in temple premises for nearly a month during the night, and during the day time, rumours were being spread that Muslims are behind this act.

    Waste was being taken around in a van belonging to the ‘Kerala Catering’ company owned by BJP leader Gireesh. On Friday, people caught Gireesh’s son in the act of dumping meat.


    Although complaints had been filed with the police earlier, the investigation had not moved forward until now, as the persons involved or the vehicle used had not been identified.

    Finally the culprit was nabbed by members of the Residents Association and CPI(M) activists of the area.

    BJP district leader and municipal councilor MR Gopan reportedly reached the police station to settle the case against the BJP leader’s son.

    While the BJP has been making a big deal about the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, its activists are going around littering waste and trying to create riots between people belonging to different religious communities who have been hitherto living in harmony, CPI(M) activists said.

    Chicken waste was being dumped in the premises of the Siva Temple in Nemom, the Cherubalamandam Siva Temple in Vellayani and Maryland Studio. Alongside this, a campaign was being carried out that chicken waste was being dumped in front of temples by non-Hindus.

    https://newsclick.in/bjp-attempt-fom...-temple-foiled





  3. #103
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    Indians, The Most Prolific Consumers of Internet Pornography

    Everything you wanted to know about how India watches porn in one map and five charts

    By Atish Patel - November 21, 2014


    It’s official.

    Indians are among the most prolific consumers of internet pornography in the world
    , and increasing numbers of men—and women—are streaming it on their mobile phones.

    Pornhub, one of the world’s largest adult websites, has given Quartz access to their data, outlining India’s sexual preferences and porn habits, just as the government looks into the possibility of introducing web filters on pornographic content. The data was gathered between Sept. 2013 to Sept. 2014.

    The data has been gathered only from Pornhub.com—the world’s 72nd favorite website, according to Alexa—and doesn’t include the 10 other websites, such as YouPorn and RedTube, that make up the entire Pornhub network.

    India, which is expected to have the second largest number of internet users in the world by next month, places fifth in terms of the most number of daily visitors to the website, says Pornhub. An overwhelming majority, or 40% of Pornhub’s 14.2 billion visits, originate from the US.

    Within India, habits vary widely.

    Page views and time spent

    Compared to the national average of 8.22 minutes per session (34 seconds less than the global average), users in the northeastern states view more pages on Pornhub.com for longer, than any other region. Delhi is no shrinking violet either.








    India’s favorite porn star is…

    Sunny Leone.

    A Canadian of Indian-origin, who is now a Bollywood actress, Leone is the most popular porn star in the country, despite reportedly retiring in 2013. She is followed by Lisa Ann and Priya Rai.

    The most popular search terms also include: Indian, Indian wife and Indian bhabhi (typically older brother’s wife). State-to-state (Pornhub provided preferences across 23 of India’s 29 states), the top searches remain fairly consistent, but “Indian bhabhi” climbs to as high as third in some places, including Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.



    Mobile is king

    Half of Pornhub’s users from India access the website from their smartphones —not surprising considering that’s how the majority of Indians (PDF) surf the Internet. Pornhub’s Android traffic from India is the third highest after the US and the UK.



    Meanwhile, 47.5% of India’s Pornhub users log-on to the site from desktops and just 2.5% will do so on tablets —much lower than the international average of 11%.

    What women want

    In India, a quarter of Pornhub’s users are female, which is 2% higher than the worldwide average of 23%.

    The most popular porn category among women is “lesbian” followed closely by “gay” (male).

    Only 2% of searches on Pornhub from India were for male homosexual content. However, this year, compared to last year, gay searches have jumped by a massive 213%. Of course, in that time, the country’s Supreme Court reinstated a law banning gay sex.

    A dip during Diwali

    There’s apparently also a seasonal—and weekly—variation to when Indians watch porn.

    Indians are most active on the adult site on Saturday. Elsewhere in the world, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany and Brazil, Monday is the most popular day.

    Sunday is the least active day for Indians.

    And this is how they fare during big national holidays.



    The biggest dip is around Diwali, the festival of light, with a drop in traffic of 35%. However, during some festivals the traffic does rise slightly.

    Increase in traffic also occurs on Independence Day on Aug. 15 and Republic Day on Jan. 26.
    But all this may soon be a thing of the past, if the government goes ahead and bans porn.

    Pornhub has published the data on their blog as well.

    http://qz.com/300478/everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-how-india-watches-porn-in-one-map-and-five-charts

    comments:

    This helps explain some of the reasons behind so many rapes committed by Indians on a daily basis.

  4. #104
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    Father Can't Have Control Over 24-Year-Old Girl, Says SC Question Annulment Of Hadiya's Marriage

    It also questioned ordering an NIA probe into the matter.

    03/10/2017

    The Supreme Court on Tuesday has questioned the order of the Kerala High Court that annulled the marriage of a Hindu woman in the state to a Muslim man.

    While the HC had called the marriage 'love jihad' and the woman was sent to stay with her parents, the SC said that a father could not have control over his adult daughter.

    Hindustan Times quoted the Supreme Court as saying, "A father can't have control over 24-year-old girl. It might send the girl to a custodian or an organisation."

    Live Law reported that senior lawyer Dushyant Dave also made scathing arguments agains the NIA proble.

    "This investigation shakes the foundation of this multi-religious country. Two high functionaries of BJP have married members of minority community. Will Your Lordships order NIA probe into it? This order sends terrible signals all over the world," Dave said.

    Born Akhila Ashokan, Hadiya had converted to Islam before her marriage to Shafin Jahan. Hadiya's marriage was annulled after a petition by her parents.


    Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, the newspaper reported, also questioned the earlier apex court order for an NIA probe into the matter.

    This observation by the court is probably a breather for Hadiya who is said to be held forcibly by her parents in their home in Kottayam.


    Jahan had moved the SC in July saying that the HC order was an insult to the independence of women in India.

    Love jihad is a term used by radical Hindu outfits that claim that it is a conspiracy for Muslims to convert Hindu women and forcing them to take up Islam.


    In his petition, Jahan had said that his wife had converted two years before their marriage, so there was no question of force.

    Her conversion to Islam was accepted because Hadiya was an adult when she converted. Her parents have however claimed that she had been forced to convert to Islam, an allegation that Hadiya had herself denied.

    http://www.huffingtonpost.in/2017/10...ge_a_23230719/


    Dalit, Muslim groups in Bengal unite to mark Babri demolition and Ambedkar death anniversary


    Around three dozen dalit and Muslim organisations based in various parts of Bengal are coming together to make this initiative successful in Kolkata on December 6.

    by Snigdhendu Bhattacharya - Oct 31, 2017

    A number of Muslim and dalit organisations have come together to hold a mega public gathering in Kolkata on December 6 to mourn the demolition of Babri masjid and observe death anniversary of B R Ambedkar simultaneously.

    This is the first time an initiative of this kind has been taken in the state. The motto, organisers say, is “to fight manuvadi and brahminical fascism.”

    In Bengal, people belonging to scheduled caste (23%) and Muslim (27%) communities comprise nearly half the population.

    “Earlier, dalits used to observe Ambedkar’s death anniversary while Muslims mourned the demolition of Babri masjid. This year, we have decided to bring all programmes under one banner and hold a single event on December 6,” said Sukriti Ranjan Biswas, president of Samya, Shanti, Sampriti Mancha (forum for equality, peace and harmony), an amalgamation of dalit and Muslim organisations founded in late 2016.

    Around three dozen dalit and Muslim organisations based in various parts of Bengal are coming together to make the initiative successful.

    Biswas - a dalit leader who mostly works among refugees from Bangladesh - alleged that politicians have always used dalits against Muslims for electoral gains. “We will foil their plan,” he said.

    Organisers believe that the event will become a major step towards forging a dalit-Muslim unity in Bengal against the BJP and saffron organisations.

    The BJP has been in the crosshairs of Dalit and Muslim groups across India after attacks were perpetrated by cow vigilantes groups.

    With the BJP being accused of being anti-Dalit - an allegation that stuck after students’ unrest across universities following the suicide of Dalit scholar Rohith Vemula in Hyderabad and reinforced by the flogging of Dalits by cow protection groups at Una in Gujarat - the party is now working hard to change the perception.

    Significantly, former central committee member of the banned CPI(Maoist), septuagenarian Purnendu Sekhar Mukherjee, is one of the organisers of the event in Kolkata. Arrested in 2011, Mukherjee was released on bail in 2015.

    “Initial steps towards dalit-Muslim unity were taken last year to maintain peace and harmony and defeat divisive campaign by Brahminical fascist forces. With the December 6 rally, we hope to strengthen this unity,” Mohammad Kamrujjaman, general secretary of the Mancha, told HT.

    Incidentally, several organisations set to participate in the event earlier came together and took out a rally in Kolkata in support of the Rohingya Muslims. Thousands marched in the city protesting the Centre’s stand on the refugees from Myanmar.

    The organisers said they have informed Kolkata Police about the event. The gathering will be held at Rani Rashmoni Road in central Kolkata.

    http://www.hindustantimes.com/kolkat...wLNueAIDL.html

  5. #105
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    Indian Men Harass Swiss Couple in Agra, then Thrash Them Brutally

    BY Anuja Jaiswal - Oct 26, 2017


    A couple from Lausanne in Switzerland was chased and attacked with stones and sticks by a group of youths in Fatehpur Sikri on Sunday, leaving them battered and bruised.

    Quentin Jeremy Clerc
    , 24, who came to India on September 30 with his girlfriend Marie Droz, also 24, told TOI from his hospital bed in Delhi that they were strolling near the railway station at Fatehpur Sikri after a day in Agra when the group started following them. "They initially passed comments, which we didn't understand, and then forced us to stop so they could take selfies with Marie," he said. The harassment soon turned into an attack so brutal that it left Clerc with a fractured skull and a clot in his brain. Doctors attending on him said a blow that struck one of his ears has caused hearing impairment. Droz has a broken arm and multiple bruises.

    The couple said as they lay on the ground bloodied and bruised, bystanders began taking videos of them on their mobile phones.

    Recounting the horror, Clerc said, "The boys wouldn't stop walking along despite our protests. All the while they kept taking pictures and trying to get close to Marie. From whatever little we could understand, they were asking our names and the place where we had put up in Agra. They were harassing us. They asked us to accompany them to some place, which we refused. A little after stones and sticks began to rain on me. When Marie intervened, she, too, wasn't spared." Droz said she first thought the boys "won't hit a woman". She was wrong. "They hurled stones at both of us. I was hit on the back, shoulder and hand. I still cannot understand why they attacked us. They didn't take any of our valuables."

    She refuted what she called "rumours" and said they were not kissing, something one of the local cops hinted was the reason why the "crowd was instigated". Dr Rajendra Prasad, the neurosurgeon in Delhi who Clerc and Droxz were brought to, said, "The boy had a skull fracture and blood clot in the brain. He was immediately admitted to the ICU. His hearing nerve on the right ear has been affected.

    The girl broke her left arm in the attack
    and was operated upon on Tuesday." Circle officer at Achnera (Agra district) Satyam Singh said that the foreigners "weren't interested" in filing any police complaint.

    https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/...w/61228525.cms

    comments:

    It looks like they were trying to take them to some place to gang rape the girl, as Indians have done in the past with tourist women.

  6. #106
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    1984 Anti-Sikh Riots: Over 3,000 Sikhs Slaughtered by Hindus

    Time doesn’t heal the pain, ask Attar Kaur. Sixty-five-year-old widow, Attar Kaur, lost her husband and 11 members of her extended family in the riots. She said she has not been able to forget how Sikhs were slaughtered like animals. She lives with vivid memories and faded photos.

    Nov 01, 2017

    The camera is turned on and a mic clipped. “Attar Kaur hoon main” (I am Attar Kaur),” says the woman. She then narrates her story, exactly the way she has done year after year. The voice of the 65-year-old sounds tired but the tears are fresh.

    As she wraps up her interview to a Chandigarh-based Punjabi channel, Kaur says, “Har saal November mein media wale aate hain, aankhein ro-ro ke dukh jaati hain, mudda utha hai, phir saal bhar chutti. (Every November mediapersons come calling; my eyes hurt from all the crying. The issue is raised for a few days and then forgotten for the rest of the year).”

    It’s that time of the year again.

    October 31 marks 33 years of anti-Sikh carnage that started hours after Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was gunned down by her Sikh bodyguards.

    Large mobs killed around 3,000 Sikhs, most of them men.
    Delhi saw the worst of the violence that swept many parts of India.

    In 2012, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) told a sessions court in Delhi that the then Congress government, its leaders like Sajjan Kumar and the Delhi Police had backed the massacre of Sikhs. Kumar was later exonerated by a court.

    Kaur’s neighbourhood of Trilokpuri in east Delhi saw the worst carnage.

    She was chopping cauliflower for pulao when she heard the news about Gandhi’s assassination. “We were sad to hear of it as we were Congress voters,” she recalls.

    But, that counted little for the mob that came the next morning.

    Her husband, Kirpal Singh, a strapping young businessman who owned several shops, rushed to the local gurdwara on hearing that some relatives had been attacked.

    She didn’t even have the time to tell him to keep safe. She was busy rounding up her seven children, some of whom were playing with friends, and her mother-in-law as rioters took over the neighbourhood. Her eldest child, a son, was 12 and the youngest a month-old girl.

    In her cramped three-room flat in Tilak Vihar’s Widow Colony in west Delhi, Kaur wipes tears with her white dupatta, “Bhed bakriyon ki tarah maar daala sab aadmiyon ko…zinda jala kar. (The men were slaughtered like animals… they were burnt alive).”

    Her Muslim neighbours took away her two older sons, chopped their hair, an article of faith for the Sikhs, and hid them in metal trunks.


    But the mob found the eldest one and beat him with sticks, an assault that would scar him for life. When the rioters left, a neighbour told Kaur that her husband had been killed, burnt alive — nothing left for her to mourn over.

    Along with her husband, Kaur lost 11 members of her extended family that day.


    The same evening she fled with her children and mother-in-law, as charred remains piled up in Trilokpuri’s narrow bylanes.

    They sought refuge three kilometres away in Chilla, then an uninhabited area. She doesn’t remember if she or the children ate anything for the next two days.

    On November 3, they made their way to the Farsh Bazar relief camp, where there were hundreds like them. After a month and a half of living in tents, the riot-hit families were moved to Tilak Vihar by the government.

    It was a huge change.

    They were used to a comfortable life, which her husband had worked very hard for, but now they had nothing to start with.

    Before the riots, theirs was the only family to have a video-cassette player in the neighbourhood. “I lost everything that day. I left the house with nothing but the clothes on our back,” she says.

    In her early 30s and without a formal education, Kaur found a job stitching night dresses at a factory in Naraina. It paid Rs 1,000 a month. The local gurdwara contributed another Rs 250 and her mother-in-law sold vegetables to run the household.

    “My neighbours still make fun of how scared I used to be in those early days. I used to count my children every night. One day, one of my sons was missing and I came out crying on the streets, only to realise he had gone off to the neighbours,” she says.

    The other big challenge was education – there wasn’t enough money for it. In 1986, she was given a government job along with other riot widows. She started working as a peon at a government school in Janakpuri.

    But just as the family was regaining stability, her eldest son, who was attacked by the mob, had to drop out of school. He had panic attacks and would fly into a rage. The doctors also diagnosed a heart condition that needed surgery.

    It was a struggle to get him medical aid but Kaur is proud that her other children have done well.

    A Sikh charity helped two of her sons complete their education from a residential school in Himachal Pradesh. Both now drive auto-rickshaws.

    Kaur managed to send her youngest son to London where he has a job. “I had to borrow money and I had no idea how I would pay it back,” she says. “He studied hard and then got a job. Not only did he return the money, he also helped with the marriage of his sisters.”

    Kaur is now retired and her grandchildren are a great source of comfort. But there is one regret – they will never know their grandfather. All she has left of him is memories and three faded photographs.

    Unlike others in the colony, who have stopped speaking to the press, too tired to go through the pain again, Kaur never turns down anybody.

    “My granddaughter asks me why I give interviews when I know it will make me cry. I tell her that anyone who comes to share our grief should be welcomed.”

    http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-...3vtpX32TJ.html

    comments:

    This is how the Sikh have been treated in India by the Hindus, hence the reason the Sikh want to split and have a separate country (Khalistan), yet there are still Sikh who are stupid enough to support Hindus and become Islamophobes... especially when Muslims helped them.

  7. #107
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    Hindu Man Rapes Woman in Broad Daylight on Vizag Footpath, Passers-by Look On

    by Sakshi Khanna - October 23, 2017

    In a horrific video that surfaced on Monday, a 20-year-old drunk man can be seen raping a woman in broad daylight on a footpath in Vizag, Andhra Pradesh.

    The incident took place on Sunday around 2pm and the auto-rickshaw driver who shot the video took it to the police immediately.

    In the video, the victim can be seen sitting on the footpath near the quarters in Railway New Colony and a man, wearing a blue shirt, raping her.

    What is even more shocking is that while the auto-rickshaw driver was shooting the video, he didn’t pause to help the woman or apprehend the rapist. Moreover, a number of passers-by who can be seen walking on the footpath, too did not bother to help the victim.

    Police have now arrested the culprit and have informed the victim’s family about the incident. She is currently being treated at a local hospital

    video: https://www.facebook.com/cnnnews18/v...56754932544202
    http://www.news18.com/news/india/dru...n-1554269.html

  8. #108
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    Hindu Mob Sets Elephant Mother and Baby on Fire

    By Tariq Tahir - 7 November 2017


    A shocking picture showing two elephants running for their lives after being set on fire has won a wildlife photography competition.

    The photo was taken by Biplab Hazra in the Bankura district of West Bengal, India where unfortunately there is conflict between locals and elephants.

    The picture won the contest run by Sanctuary wildlife magazine, which said when announcing the award that 'this sort of humiliation... is routine'.

    Mr Hazra said the calf screamed in 'confusion' as it fled the 'crowd of jeering men' who were flinging 'flaming tar balls and crackers' at the two elephants.

    'For these smart, gentle, social animals who have roamed the subcontinent for centuries, hell is now and here,' he said.

    What eventually happened to the two elephants in the award-winning picture is unclear.

    According to Mainak Mazumder, who lives in Bankura, villagers were responsible for 'heavy habitat destruction' and that 'elephants have been subjected to terrible abuses and tortures'.

    Elephants, though, have also have 'wreaked havoc' by destroying crops, damaging farmland, and have 'killed innocent people'.

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/arti...-fire-mob.html

  9. #109
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default


    The lynching that changed India


    Part 1: 'Open wounds' - the lynched


    Jan Mohammad is worried.

    It has been two years since his brother, Mohammad Akhlaq, was lynched, and the 18 men who stand accused of killing him have been released on bail.

    On September 28, 2015, the 52-year-old ironsmith was dragged from his house in the village of Bishahra, in the district of Dadri in Uttar Pradesh, after a local Hindu temple announced that a cow, considered sacred by many Hindus, had been slaughtered. He was beaten to death and his son was severely wounded.

    Nine months later, the police filed a First Information Report (FIR) charging 44-year-old Jan and several other members of his family, including his murdered brother, with cow slaughter. They deny the charge.

    The Allahabad High Court later put a stay on the arrest of all the family members except Jan. Although no charge sheet has yet been filed against him, he fears he could be arrested.

    According to the FIR, Prem Singh, Mohammad's neighbour, saw him slaughter a calf with the help of Jan and other members of the family three days before the lynching. He was the only witness to the alleged slaughter. But Jan says he wasn't even in the village on that day.

    Arrest isn't all Jan fears. At his house, not far from the village where his brother was killed and to which he says his family can never return, he explains his concerns.

    "Since the accused are out of jail, they have been emboldened. From the way they speak to the media, I can sense their aggression."

    "I do fear they might attack me or my wife or children any time. They live nearby. They might just see me at the market and attack," he says.

    Jan has a resigned air about him as he smokes and drinks sweet tea served by his son. He has been provided with a 24/7 armed police guard, but this does little to reassure him. "One gunman won't be able to save me from an angry mob," he reflects.

    He also worries that the regional government, which since March has been led by Yogi Adityanath of the ruling Hindu-nationalist BJP party, could remove his police guard.

    "I have been outspoken to the media about this case. They might not like that," he says. "And the accused are close to the ruling party. They might put pressure [on them]."

    A 24-hour news channel is on mute in the background as Jan explains that the meat that "was recovered and forms the basis for this case was found by the police at the lynching spot three hours after the lynching took place".

    "This makes it quite possible that they planted it to frame us," he says.

    His lawyer, Yusuf Saifi, says the same thing.

    A preliminary report by the government's District Veterinary Officer in Dadri, which was made public in December 2015, said that based on a physical examination, the meat looked like mutton. It recommended that a forensic examination be carried out. That subsequent examination by the University of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry in Mathura concluded, in a report made public in May 2016, that the meat was "of cow or its progeny".

    Nevertheless, by September 2016 the police had found no evidence that a cow had been slaughtered by Jan and his relatives, and The Hindu newspaper reported that the case was going to be closed.

    But Mohammad Ali, who reports on western Uttar Pradesh for The Hindu and has been writing a book on Mohammad's lynching, says: "With the change in government, no closure report has been filed. They are sitting on the case, using it as a stick to beat the family with."

    Jan says the open case is like a "sword hanging above" him and compounds the pain he feels over losing his brother.

    "He was brutally lynched by people who knew him, who used to break bread with him, neighbours ... and every lynching that has come after his has refreshed our pain. Every other few months, we see a video [of a lynching] in the news. This keeps our wounds open."


    Part 2: 'Protecting the mother cow' - the accused

    At a village close to Bishahra, four young men - Vishal Rana, Sri Om, Puneet Sharma and Rohit - have gathered in the home of Ved Nagar, a local Hindutva leader - the form of Hindu nationalism to which the BJP subscribes.

    The four are among the 18 accused of lynching Mohammad Akhlaq.

    The opulent living room has a huge flat-screen TV, high ceilings and white walls. Vishal Rana sits in the middle, leaning forward as he speaks. The others sit around him, fiddling with their smartphones. They are all in their early 20s, except for Rohit who says he was only 15 when the alleged crime was committed. Vishal appears to be the leader of this small group.

    "Now that we are all out on bail, we want to pursue the case against the family for cow slaughter," he says. "We did everything to protect the mother cow."

    Vishal is the son of a local BJP leader.

    The four maintain that Mohammad died of a "heart attack" and not as a result of the injuries he suffered.

    Vishal gestures angrily as he says: "We went to jail because of the media and its misreporting."

    The post-mortem report says something different. "Shock and haemorrhage due to ante-mortem injuries ... This is the cause and manner of death," it states, noting that Mohammad had 18 wounds, mostly to his skull. It makes no mention of a heart attack.

    Ved Nagar, who is in his 30s and dressed entirely in black, sits sprawled on a sofa as he listens to the conversation. His demeanour is forceful, but his smile and polite tone help to soften it - most of the time.

    Outside his home, a life-size poster features his photo, the name of his organisation of voluntary cow protectors, Gau Raksha Hindu Dal, and a warning: "We will slaughter anyone who slaughters a cow."

    "I regret the death," Ved says calmly. "He died without even suffering heavy blows. He was a physically weak man. He died due to the pushing and shoving."

    The younger men say Ved "has done a lot" for them and that "we will go wherever he asks us to come".

    As far as they are concerned, they are the victims.

    "Our families have been financially ruined," says Sri, who had been working for a contractor at a power plant in the village before he was arrested. His father died several years ago and his mother is paralysed, so his job was an important source of income for his family. They suffered without it during the year and a half he was in prison, he says.

    Lawyer's fees of at least $600 a month have also placed a heavy financial burden on each of their families, they say.

    "I am looking for a job now," says Sri, adding that this isn't easy when charged with murder.

    Mohammad's family, on the other hand, received a "lot of money, a house and high security", argues Vishal, who continues to work at his brother-in-law's advertising boards business in New Delhi.

    Mohammad's mother, wife, children and brothers have received 4,500,000 rupees (about $70,000) in compensation. They have also been given three apartments at highly subsidised rental rates, but Jan says none of the family dares to live in them as they are located along a remote highway on the outskirts of a nearby city.

    The men say they were tortured in jail and that one of their fellow accused, 21-year-old Ravin Sisodia, died as a result. The jailers have denied this and the police have not filed any charges. Officials at the jail and the New Delhi-based hospital where Ravin died say dengue or Chikungunya, along with kidney disease, was the cause of death.

    Now that they are all out on bail, the accused and their lawyer are trying to get their murder charges changed to charges of culpable homicide not amounting to murder.

    The charge sheet filed by police at the end of 2015 may help them in this, says The Hindu journalist Mohammad.

    "What happened, according to the cops, is that Vishal Rana and his cousin Shivam discovered a plastic packet with meat in it, after [Mohammad] Akhlaq had allegedly disposed of it. A local doctor confirmed to them that it was beef. Following this, they forced the temple priest to make an announcement that a cow had been slaughtered and that everyone should gather near the transformer, the main meeting place in the village. This is how the public spectacle of the lynching started," Mohammad explains.

    In the charge sheet, however, there is no conspiracy charge.

    "This was a spontaneous reaction of an emotional crowd," says Ram Sharan Nagar, lawyer to 10 of the accused. "Even the police mention no conspiracy or planning. So it would be unfair for the police to push for murder charges."

    Sitting in a South Delhi cafe, 33-year-old journalist Mohammad reflects: "If the charges are changed, they will be let off very lightly or they will be acquitted. It will set the template for what is going to happen in other cases."


    Part 3: 'We are helping the police' - at the cow shelter

    About 200km from Bishara, in the village of Dahmi in the state of Rajasthan, Suresh Yadav is angry.

    The volunteer with the right-wing Hindu nationalist paramilitary organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) is wearing a spotless dhoti kurta - a traditional Indian form of dress - and sitting on a plastic chair in the poorly lit lobby of the Sri Rath Gaushala cow shelter.

    The focus of his anger is the Supreme Court of India, which recently ruled that district administrations should be responsible for stopping cow-related violence in their localities.

    "Does cattle smuggling take place or not?" the 50-something-year-old asks combatively.

    "They are calling gau rakshaks (cow protectors) murderers. You tell me, do the police have the capacity to catch all the cattle smugglers? We are only helping them," he says, before launching into a tirade against Muslims.

    I am at the cow shelter to meet Jagmal Singh Yadav, but he hasn't turned up. Suresh appears to be here in his place.

    Jagmal, who is in his 70s, was one of those accused of murdering Pehlu Khan, a 55-year-old Muslim dairy farmer, in the nearby town of Behror on April 1. Despite being among six people named by Khan before he died, Jagmal has since been absolved, along with the five others, by the police.

    The mob that attacked Pehlu allegedly suspected that the milk cows he was transporting were being smuggled to a slaughterhouse. A video of the attack went viral.

    Suresh says he knows all of the accused - who mostly belong to the dominant Yadav and Ahir castes, who traditionally work in the dairy business - and can, therefore, speak on their behalves.

    When I tell Suresh that Arif Khan, Pehlu's son who was with him that day and was also beaten up, had shown me the papers to prove that the milk cows were purchased at a government-sanctioned cattle fair, he scoffs.

    "They are not beyond killing even [milk] cows for meat. Once you acquire a taste for cow meat, like they have, you cannot resist it," he says.

    Pehlu's cows are now being kept at the Sri Rath Gaushala, which according to local media reports used to be run by Jagmal.

    It is one of the biggest cow shelters in the area, with 350 cows. Some people say it is 100 years old, others that it is 200.

    "These are cows which have become old and the villagers cannot take care of them any more. We get abandoned cows, too," explains Rajendra Yadav, an administrator at the shelter.

    Suresh insists that Pehlu and his sons were facing charges of cattle smuggling. When I tell him that according to media reports, they had been exonerated, Suresh refuses to believe it. He is livid at the media for "misreporting" the case.

    "Not one of the papers or channels have written in our favour," he says.


    Part 4: 'They are against Muslims and Dalits' - the search for justice

    Suresh might be upset about the media coverage, but it is the authorities' reactions that concern others.

    In April, Human Rights Watch noted: "Instead of taking prompt legal action against the vigilantes, many linked to extremist Hindu groups affiliated with the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the police, too often, have filed complaints against the assault victims, their relatives, and associates under laws banning cow slaughter."

    A recent report by the website IndiaSpend revealed that 97 percent of the cow-related violence that has taken place in India since 2010 happened after the BJP government of Narendra Modi came to power in May 2014.

    According to the same report, 28 people have been killed in 63 incidents of cow-related violence in the past seven years. Of those, 24 - 86 percent - were Muslim.

    After failing to arrest the eight people who were initially accused in the Pehlu Khan case, the police have arrested seven other people. Five of them have already been released on bail.

    "Our dairy business is finished," says Pehlu's 20-year-old son, Arif, as he sits on the porch of his family's farm in Jaisinghpur, two hours' drive from Dahmi. "We have no other source of livelihood. Even our relatives are poor, so we cannot turn to them for help."

    He says nobody from the local government has come to see them and they haven't received any compensation.

    "Only Imran Pratapgarhi, the poet, has given us some money. We have to borrow money to go to Jantar-Mantar [the government-designated protest spot in New Delhi]," Arif explains.

    His family is worried, he says, that they will not get justice under the current state and central government.

    "They are against Muslims and Dalits [the least privileged in the caste system]. Only they have died in the incidents of lynching over cow," he reflects.


    Part 5: 'A scapegoat is needed' - at the court

    It is 9.30am, the scheduled time for the bail plea of Rameshwar Dayal, one of those accused of lynching a 16-year-old Muslim student called Junaid Khan. But the judge, YS Rathor, is yet to arrive at the court in Faridabad, an industrial town in the southern part of the National Capital Region.

    "He is a good judge for criminal cases. So was his father," I overhear Rameshwar's lawyer, Mahinder Bharadwaj, tell one of his assistants.

    The police arrested six people for the lynching, which took place on a train heading south from New Delhi on June 22.

    Junaid died after being stabbed eight times. His older brothers, Hashim and Shakir, were wounded.
    According to Hashim, the brothers were called "beef eaters" and "Pakistanis" by a mob of at least 25 men.

    Four of the accused have been given bail. The main accused, Naresh Kumar, who confessed to stabbing Junaid with a kitchen knife, remains in jail.

    In his statement to the police, Rameshwar admitted to using religious slurs and participating in a fight with the brothers, but said he did not play any part in the killing.

    Subhas Chand, Rameshwar's brother, is sitting on a bench in the corner of the courtroom. When questioned about the case, he says he is an "illiterate farmer" and doesn't know the details.

    "Ask me in yes or no, and I will answer," he says.

    I ask if he thinks his brother, a New Delhi government employee, is guilty of the alleged crime.

    "No," he says promptly. Then he stops talking.

    Mohit Bharadwaj and Dev Dutt, two young men from the same village have accompanied Subhas Chand to the court. They, too, say they believe Rameshwar is innocent of murder.

    "We are here in solidarity," says Mohit as Dev nods. "There was a lot of pressure on the police to show some arrests, so they picked up the boys from our village at random."

    The village is Khambi, in Palwal district, not far from Faridabad. It is mostly inhabited by members of the most advantaged castes.

    The main accused, Naresh Kumar, is from a neighbouring village called Bhimrola.

    The judge arrives at around 10am and, in a matter of minutes, adjourns the hearing until September 15.

    Rameshwar's lawyer, Mahinder Bharadwaj, says that his plea is based on the premise of parity. "His offences are bailable, just like those of the four others who have received bail," he explains as he walks down the court stairs flanked by file-carrying assistants.

    Asked why he thinks the judge didn't grant bail, he replies: "[Because] there is too much media pressure and a scapegoat is needed."

    Nibrash Ahmad, the lawyer representing Junaid's family, had earlier told me that the police had removed the charge of murder from the charge sheets of five of the accused, which had helped four of them get bail.

    "They never informed us that they were doing so. We have protested this and have complained to the higher courts, Human Rights Commission and Minority Commission about this. We want the investigating officer to be changed," he explained in his chamber as several other younger lawyers sat on wooden benches, listening to him intently.

    Rameshwar's bail please was eventually rejected on September 20.


    Part 6: 'Cries for help' - a lynching on a train

    Junaid's brother, Shakir, is at his family's home in Khandawali village, just south of Faridabad. He was stabbed five times during the attack and, while recuperating, hasn't been able to do his work as a commercial driver.

    Shakir hadn't accompanied Junaid and Hashim that day. But he had entered the train in Ballabgarh, the nearest station to their village, after receiving phone calls from his brothers asking for help.

    On their way back from New Delhi, the brothers had gotten into a fight after an elderly man had asked Junaid to give up his seat for him. According to Hashim, Junaid immediately did so, but several men started to abuse them.

    Junaid's father, Jalalluddin, says his sons were stopped from leaving the train at Ballabgarh. "When Shakir entered the train, he heard cries for help," he says.

    "They were fighting when I entered," Shakir explains. "We could not stop the train as we could not find any chain to pull."

    Junaid died from his stab wounds, after being left at the station after Ballabgarh.

    Shakir remained in bed for days, unable to walk. Hashim has made a complete recovery from the two stab wounds he received.

    The family has been awarded a total of about $30,000 in compensation from the government, NGOs and local politicians. One MP from Kerala gave them a small car.

    "Brinda Karat of the CPIM (Communist Party of India (Marxist)) keeps in touch with us," says Jalalluddin.

    But the family is worried about four of the accused getting bail. "We learnt they got bail only through the media. The police kept us in dark," says Shakir.


    Part 7: 'Not In My Name' - the politician

    The recent Supreme Court directive that angered Suresh Yadav came after a petition was filed by Congress party politician Tehseen Poonawala. He is one of those behind the Not In My Name protests against cow-related lynching and is also pushing for a new law.

    Standing on the lawn of Congress MP Digvijay Singh's bungalow in New Delhi, as a press conference he had organised on behalf of Pehlu Khan's family winds up, Tehseen explains that the details of 11 cases were included in their petition to the Supreme Court.

    "The problem is that the central government or the state governments we listed in our petition are yet to respond. In fact, this is the third time the Court has reacted on the issue but the response of the said governments has been the same," he says.

    If it was up to Tehseen, the case against the six accused who were cleared of murdering Pehlu Khan would not be over. He is now urging the Supreme Court to transfer the case outside of the state of Rajasthan. His brother Shehzad Poonawala, a lawyer, is arguing the petition.

    The politician is currently organising protests against lynching in Uttar Pradesh, after which he plans to visit Jharkhand where such incidents have also occurred. "We will go all over the country to mobilise people in favour of the new law," he explains, as he negotiates a cab ride back to his house.

    The new law, which has been drafted by his team of lawyers, has provisions for several measures, including the immediate suspension of police officers under whose watch such incidents occur, having the district magistrate investigate cases instead of the police, ensuring the protection of witnesses and having the cases heard by a judge with no less than seven years of experience.

    "It also allows for the rehabilitation of the families of the victims and provides adequate compensation," he explains.

    But many legal experts say it is a lack of political will, rather than a lack of laws, that is the main obstacle to bringing justice to the victims of mob violence.

    Meanwhile, as the judicial battle continues, the victims say the stakes are high.

    "The cow is just an excuse," says Jan Mohammad. "Muslims of the country are under siege and an attempt is being made to turn them into second-class citizens."

    http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/fea...084018325.html

  10. #110
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    Muslim Shot Dead by Hindu Terrorists

    Yet Another Cow Lynching: Muhammad Shot Dead by Mob 2 Days Ago, No FIR Yet

    12 NOVEMBER, 2017

    In a new twist cow mobs are trying to hide the killing of their Muslim targets. Umar Muhammad, transporting cows near the Rajasthan-Haryana border was shot dead and his body thrown on the railway track to make it appear like an accident.

    The brutal killing took place in Fahari village in Alwar district with Muhammad and two others taking the cows from Mewat in Haryana to Bharatpur in Rajasthan. They were stopped by the mob en route, assaulted. The two men with Muhammad fled with injuries, but the media has reported ‘official sources’ as confirming he died of a bullet wound.

    This happened two days ago and no arrests have been made till date. The family members, including Muhammad’s wife and eight children, have demanded the arrest of the accused but the police has not even registered a FIR.

    Mewat is extremely tense, more so as the Muslim community here, is a target of right wing forces. The Meo community told reporters that Muhammad was killed in the presence of the police. The attack reportedly took place at 5a.m. After Muhammad was shot dead, the mob placed his body on the railway tracks to get a train to pass over him. The community claimed that the police have carried out no investigation, and the body is still liking in the mortuary.

    It might be recalled that the six accused named by Pehlu Khan in his dying declaration after he was attacked by a mob, have all been released. They were given a clean chit on the basis of a statement by a cow shelter owner. Khan was also transporting cows when he was waylaid by a cow mob, and beaten to death.

    The family is terrified but calling for an investigation. The police is tight lipped.

    http://www.thecitizen.in/index.php/e...Ago-No-FIR-Yet



    200 Muslims flee from their village after Upper Caste ‘terror’ shadowed

    by Nimisha Nair - 10/06/2017

    Religious healer Ramesh Suthar assaulted folk singer Amad Khan for singing ‘bad song’ during navratri, he claimed Goddess abandoned him because of his song, Khan was later found dead and Upper Caste Hindus threatened the family not to complain the police

    A large exodus of people nearly 200-odd Muslim people, including women and children, are living under police protection in homes of their relatives
    at Balad, about 20 km from their village Dantal in Jaisalmer district, reported Hindustan Times. This exodus was of targeting minority community in a BJP ruled state, where a cattle trader from Haryana, Pehlu Khan, was lynched in April by a cow protection vigilante group.

    Police said on friday, “About twenty Muslim families left their village in western Rajasthan following alleged threats from Hindu upper caste villagers, in a string of events starting with the murder of a folk singer”

    The issue began from on September 27, at the Jaisalmer village during a Navratri function in a village temple, where folk musician Amad Khan, 45 belonging to a folk artist community known as Langa Maganiyaar performed religious songs, a tradition in Dantal, about 700 km from state capital Japiur.

    Earlier this May, over 400 Muslims flee for life after a Muslim man eloped with Hindu girl in Sambhal, Uttar Pradesh. Over a dozen homes belonging to Muslims were set ablaze in presence of police.

    Police said a village faith healer, Ramesh Suthar, asked Khan to sing a particular raga so that the spirit of the temple goddess enters his body, one of the so-called miracles traditional occultists claim they can perform and also added that Suthar used to prescribe cures to various problems of the local people, attributing the solutions to the spirit of the goddess. Suthar also blamed khan for his poor singing which led goddess abandon him on that day. A local police officer said “He (Suthar) broke Khan’s musical instruments and also assaulted him.” Khan’s younger brother Suge Khan said “The same night, Suthar with two others kidnapped Khan from his home and later, my brother’s body was thrown outside the house.” Abruptly on next day the elders of dominant Hindu community threatened khan’s family not to lodge complaint and by listening to this Suge khan said “We got scared and buried his body quietly,”

    However they gathered all the courage with their external family members staying outside village and assured them of help. With this they lodged the complaint and meanwhile Ramesh Suthar and other upper caste villagers ordered the Muslims to leave the village. Suge Khan said “they threatened us that if we did not leave the village they will kill us. After that about 20 families consisting around 200 members have left the village and took shelter at nearby Balad village in our relative’s house,”

    Dantal village sarpanch Khet Singh disclaimed the allegations of threat, saying Adam Khan died due to cardiac arrest. Adding to it villagers only suggested to his family that since it was a natural death & it should not be taken to police, he said, adding when the people refused to accompany Khan’s family to register the case, the Muslims left in anger.

    “Along with sub-divisional officer, I met them yesterday and tried to convince them (to return)…some anti-social elements are trying to disturb the harmony.” However, police said prima facie Khan died due to physical assault.

    Jaisalmer superintendent SP Gaurav Yadav said they were trying to convince the Muslims to return.

    SP Gaurav Yadav said “We have assured them of protection if they want to return…We have also spoken to village elders and told them that cases would be lodged if they threaten the Muslims,”

    Police said “They arrested Ramesh Suthar on October 4 but two of his accomplices are absconding and the body of Khan was exhumed and an autopsy conducted and lastly said that the Muslims have only lodged a murder complaint but refrained from officially accusing anyone of threat and intimidation.”

    http://www.ironyofindia.com/2017/10/...rror-shadowed/





    Adityanath’s Anandmath Sanyasi Avatar Based on Muslim Cleansing

    April 6, 2017

    Senior ideologues from both the RSS and its parliamentary wing, the BJP have, lately, been hailing UP chief minister, Mahant Yogi Adityanath as the sanyasi (Hindu ascetic) of novel Anandmath (Abbey of Bliss) penned by Bankim Chander Chatterjee (1838-94).

    Anandmath, novel written by Bankim in Bengali, was the first most important work outlining the concept of a Hindu Rashtra. Anandmath is, even today, the Bible for the believer in Hindu nation. Before familiarizing with the contents of this novel, it will be appropriate to know a few important facts about both the novel and its author.

    This is the same novel in which Bankim presented the song Vande Mataram which equated nationalism to mother-worship. Anandmath is basically the story of the Hindu sanyasi rebellion of the late eighteenth century in North Bengal of India against the rule of Muslim nabobs. These rebels called themselves Santans (children). This novel appeared in 1882–5, about 25 years after the defeat of the Indians in the Great War of Independence of 1857, when even the ceremonial authority of the Muslim rulers was gone.

    It is important to recall that British rulers held mainly Muslims responsible for the 1857 ‘Mutiny’ and consequently penalised them heavily. Anandmath appeared when British sovereignty had been formally established over a large part of India. Further, this novel touted as the greatest tome of ‘Hindu’ nationalism did not attract much attention for almost 25 years after its publication in Bengali. It became popular after the Partition of Bengal (1905) with its translation into English. It prepared the ground for the rise of Hindu and Muslims variants of nationalism.

    Interestingly, Bankim, the author of Anandmath, was appointed directly to the post of Deputy Magistrate in the year 1858 by the British Lieutenant Governor of Bengal. He was the first Indian to be appointed to such a post immediately after1857 while the ‘Mutiny’ was still on. After serving the British rulers for 33 years when Bankim retired as District Magistrate in the year 1891 when he was conferred with the titles of Rai Bahadur and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) by the British Crown for his services to the British Raj, specially, restoring peace and order in the region of eastern canals.

    Today, when both the RSS and the BJP equate Adityanath with the sanyasis of the Sanatan Sena of 18th century they do it consciously, well aware of the fact that these sanyasis led a violent campaign to cleanse Muslims from Bengal. Interestingly, Anandmath not only preached the cleansing of Muslims but also welcomed and hailed the subjugation of Indian by the British rulers. In order to understand the debased, inhuman and anti-national content of this novel, some of the relevant portions are being directly reproduced below.

    How Muslims were looted and their villages burnt - Distribution of the loot secured more santan cadres

    According to Anandmath, santans, “started sending up the spies to the village after village. After going to the villages and finding out the Hindus there, the spies asked them, ‘brothers, would you worship the Lord Bishnu?’ They gathered 20/25 persons by this means, they came down to the Muslim villages and torched their houses. The Muslims were worried for safety of their lives and the Santans robbed them of everything and distributed the booty amongst the new devotees of the Lord Bishnu. Obtaining share of the booty, the rural people were satisfied, they were brought down to the Bishnu temple and converted to the virtues of Santans after touching the feet of the idol. The people found that Santanism paid instant dividends…They organized themselves in groups and went out to subdue the Muslims…They brought home money by way of looting wherever they found it. Wherever they got the Muslim villages, they reduced them to ashes by arson.

    Rejoicing on the Killing of Muslims & Building of Temple after demolishing a Mosque “Someone shouted, ‘kill, kill, kill Muslims, others shouted as victory, victory, victory to the Maharaj’…Some other said, ‘brothers, when the Sunday would come up while I would build up a temple of Radhamadhab, demolishing down the mosque’”.

    Anandmath also contains the following graphic details of the post-victory cleansing of Muslims by the Santan Hindu Army

    “The country was repleted [sic]with the shouting of name of Hare in the night. The Santans wandered here and there in group-by-group …Someone ran amuck towards the village, someone towards the town, caught the traveler or other house-hold people and asked them to recite as ‘I salute thee mother’ otherwise I would kill you, someone lives on looting of the sweet-maker’s shop, someone goes to the house of the cow-heard, sips the curd after bringing down the soil pots. Someones [sic]say, we are milkmen coming from Braja, where are the milkmaids? Great uproars prevailed in village after village, town after town within one night. Everybody said, the Muslims have been defeated; the country belonged to the Hindus again. All of you tell once again in open loud voice, ‘Hari, Hari’. The rural people ran out to kill the Muslims while coming across them. In the night, someones were organized in groups and going to the Muslim locality, they torched their houses and looted their everything. Many Muslims were killed, many of them shaved their beards, smeared their bodies with soil and started singing the name of Hari. When asked, they said, we were Hindus. The frightened Muslims rushed towards the town in group after group…The Muslims said, Allah, Allah! Is the Koran Sareef [sic] [holy Koran] proved entirely wrong after so many days? We pray namaz for five times but couldn’t finish the sandal-pasted Hindus. All the universe is false.

    It may be noted here that many of these gruesome acts of violence against Muslims are re-enacted as games in training sessions of Hindutva organisations. The methods of massacre of Muslims during pre and post Babri mosque demolition in 1992 and 2002 Gujarat carnage showed the clear imprint and influence of the techniques so grotesquely described in Anandmath.

    Glorification of British rulers

    In Anandmath, a leader of the Hindu Army, Bhavanand, while explaining the difference between Muslims and the Britishers, says to a ‘new recruit’:

    “One Englishman does not flee away even at the risk of his life, the Muslim flees while sweating his body —he searches for the sherbat [sweet drink]—supposing, the Englishmen have their tenacity— whatever they start, they accomplish it, while the Muslims have only foolhardiness…Then last word is courage…while finding one cannon-ball [falling] Muslims would flee away with their entire community—while coming across the barrage of cannon-balls, not a single Englishman would flee away.

    There is no possibility of restoring the Sanatan virtue without the Englishman becoming King

    When some of the Santancadres were dissatisfied with the outcome demanded to fight against the British also, a mystic leader appeared and told them:

    “There is no possibility of restoring the Sanatan virtue without the Englishman becoming King…
    The subjects [Hindus] would be happy in the English kingdom they would practice the virtue without any trouble. Therefore, oh prudent you refrain from waging the war with the Englishmen and follow me…Your mission has been successful–you have performed wellbeing of the Mother–the English reign has been established. You give up the war and enmity-mood. Let the people be engaged in cultivation–let the earth be full of corns, let the people be prosperous…There is no more enemy. The Englishman is our ally King. Moreover, none possesses such power who can win the war with the Englishmen ultimately.

    The two fundamental traits of Anandmath; violent opposition to Islam/Muslims and kow-towing to the White masters remained the fundamental pillars of ‘Hindu’ nationalism.
    These were clearly visible in the writings and deeds of Hindutva stalwarts like VD Savarkar, KB Hedgewar, BS Moonje and MS Golwalkar. Adityanath’s depiction as sanyasi of Anandmath by the Hindutva brigade is reaffirmation of the fact that fundamental agenda of the RSS/BJP remains the same; cleansing of Muslims from India.

    This aspect of Anandmath is not worrisome only in the present times. One of the greatest literary giants of the Bengali literature, Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta 1882-1964, who translated Anandmath for the first time in English in 1906, made it very clear in the preface that, “two outstanding features of our author’s conception of patriotism are its provincialism and its religious tone. As for the provincialism in his patriotism, it is difficult to believe that he was a stranger to the idea of greater nationality which is the goal of cultured Indians today…

    Nares decrying the talk of Hindu nation based on superstition in this novel lamented the fact that, “Two very sinister consequences are seen to flow from this conception of a religious basis of nationality in the present work. The first is the attempt to rehabilitate the Hindu Pantheon with new-fangled patriotic gods and goddesses, and the second is the morbid dislike of Mussulmans [sic] that seems to be indicated in this work. Neither would seem to be the least profitable. As for the first, it sets a premium upon superstition and suggests a procedure which has been unhappily followed by some of our public men of today. If it is sought by this means to instil patriotism into the superstitious mind through superstition, it fails sadly; for patriotism thus distorted can never develop into genuine patriotism and must remain a superstition for ever…”[ix]

    Nares also was of the opinion that any talk of Hindu nationalism would “hinder the growth of true Indian Nationality by preventing the participation of Hindus and Mussulmans and other religious communities in a common patriotic work. The experiment therefore of degrading patriotism by basing it on superstition is not only fruitless but positively harmful”.

    Regretting the anti-Islam/Muslim sentiments of the novel, Nares concluded: “Now one thing that would-be patent to every reader of this novel is that its heroes are frankly hostile to Mussulmans. This has led me to think thrice before placing the work before a larger public by translation. Our Mussulman friends have no doubt a good right to get offended at the way in which the anti-Mussulman sentiment has been developed in this novel…”

    It is unfortunate that a novel which played a prominent role in fracturing the united freedom struggle against the British rulers, is being resurrected today. The UP victory of the RSS/BJP (securing only 39.7% of the polled votes) is being celebrated as the victory of Santan Sena over Muslims in Anandmath. India seems to be standing at the crossroads; to continue on the path of a democratic-secular polity or embark on the path of Anandmathis the greatest challenge after Independence. It is hoped that an all-inclusive India will not let RSS/BJP succeed in its nefarious goal of letting the ghosts of the sanyasis of Anandmathto undo the edifice present-day India.

    [i]We need to know few crucial details about the academic career of this prophet of Hindu nationalism. Bankim graduated in the first batch of Calcutta University. According to minutes of the Calcutta University Syndicate he with another student was awarded BA degree in 1858 despite not clearing all papers. The minutes read: “two candidates, viz., Bankim Chunder Chatterjee and Judoonath Bose who had passed creditably in five of the six subjects, and have failed by not more than seven marks in the sixth, might as a special act of grace, be allowed to have their degrees, being placed in the second division, it being clearly understood, that such favour should, in no case, be regarded as a precedent in future years.” (University of Calcutta, minutes for the year 1858. pp 18-19 cited in Bankim Granthavli Translated & Edited by Onkar Sharad (In Hindi-Total 3 Volumes), Sahitya Bhavan, Allahabad, 1974.)

    https://sabrangindia.in/article/adit...slim-cleansing


    comments:

    It's quite clear that the British prepared this puppet right from the start when he failed school, and they had him write (or they wrote for him) this propaganda book that teaches the Hindus to glorify the white British invaders and their colonialism, and vilifies the Muslims for fighting against them. None the less, it was the Muslims who kicked the British out, and not the Hindus and Gandhi as the world is told.

  11. #111
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    The western countries waging war on Islam and Muslims would have you believe that Madrassas are breeding grounds for terrorists. Well, there are more non-Muslim students studying at these "terrorist" schools and they are excelling in secular careers.


    Madrassas in India attract Hindu students

    Islamic seminaries with modern curriculum in eastern Indian state of West Bengal are helping to bridge religious divide.

    Shaikh Azizur Rahman - 02 Dec 2013

    Clad in white and blue salwar kameez (traditional Indian dress) and translating an Arabic verse from her Islamic studies textbook into Bengali, 15-year-old Puja Kshetrapal could pass for a Muslim. But she, along with almost half of the 200 tenth graders in Chatuspalli High Madrassa in Orgram village in India's West Bengal state, are Hindus.

    "Although it is called a madrassa (Islamic seminary), people in the area view it like a good regular school. So
    , my parents chose to send me to this institution," Puja told Al Jazeera.

    Anwar Hossain, the headmaster of the Orgram madrassa located 125km north of the state capital, Kolkata, says that it is mostly its modern curriculum that has made the institution increasingly popular in the Hindu-majority society.

    "Ordinary people believe that a madrassa is a place where students are taught only religious subjects, and that it has no connection with modern education,"
    Hossain said.

    "For some years we have been working to change their notion. We are teaching our students all general subjects as their counterparts are studying in regular schools," he said.

    "After studying in our madrassa, children can plan their career in any field of their choice
    . This is the main reason why more than 60 percent of more than 1,400 students at the madrassa are non-Muslims now."

    Even, 11 of the 32 teachers in the madrassa are Hindu, Hossain added.

    Modern curriculum

    Madrassas are usually thought of as Muslim-only schools where children study only theology and end up as religious teachers or clerics.

    After 9/11, many in the non-Muslim world viewed South Asia's tens of thousands of madrassas with suspicion, regarding them as a breeding ground for radical strains of Islam.

    But in recent years, defying the stereotype, nearly 600 government-recognised madrassas in West Bengal have introduced a mainstream school curriculum, and non-Muslims are studying in almost all of them.

    Currently, about 15 percent of the students in the state's modernised madrassas are non-Muslims, and many of them are expecting to become engineers, doctors, scientists and other professionals.

    Orgram and other madrassas in the state have undergone modernisation offering courses in physics, chemistry, biology, geography, mathematics, computer science, English language and literature and other regular subjects.

    Islamic studies and the Arabic language course form a small part of the curriculum.

    Funded by the state, the madrassas which are located mostly in rural Bengal charge no fees, and offer free school uniforms and mid-day meals, making them especially attractive to students from poor and lower middle-class families.

    Examples of Muslim students who attended the madrassas and are now successful in their careers have spurred many non-Muslim families to send their children to the madrassas, many say.

    "In Hindu-dominated society until some time back, madrassas - identified as Muslims only institutions - carried a stigma. Non-Muslims and even many Muslims used to stay away from them," Dr Khandkar Fariduddin, an eye surgeon and an alumnus of a modern madrassa told Al Jazeera.

    "But, now that they have known that a madrassa student can also become a doctor, engineer or other good professional, they are shedding their inhibitions and sending their children to these modern madrassas," he said.

    "Now the modern madrassas are part of mainstream education infrastructure in West Bengal."

    International accolades

    In 2006, the federal government-appointed Justice R Sachar Committee recommended in its report on Social, Economic and Educational Status of the Muslim Community in India that the madrassas in the country needed to be modernised in efforts to boost development in the backward community.

    In 2007, West Bengal became the first state to begin the modernisation of the traditional madrassas with support from the federal government as part of the Prime Minister's 15-Point Programme for Minorities.

    Two years later, the process of modernisation of the madrassas earned West Bengal international accolades.

    The Brookings Doha Center, which is located in Qatar and is sponsored by the Brookings Institution of Washington, in 2009 identified Bengal's madrassas as models for modern education and suggested that Pakistan should emulate them.

    "Madrassas have a noble history of use in furthering the cause of science and learning in medieval Islam
    , but that tradition has been largely forgotten in Pakistan because of a relatively uneducated theological establishment taking over the administration of most madrassas," said the Brookings study, Pakistan's Madrassas: The Need for Internal Reform and the Role of International Assistance.

    The report noted that in West Bengal, "because of the higher quality of education at the madrassas, even non-Muslims were actively enrolling in them."

    Mohammad Fazle Rabbi, president of West Bengal Board of Madrassa Education, said that the modernisation of the madrassas had benefitted the society immensely and that the process would continue.

    "The modernisation of the madrassas was originally aimed to expose an increased number of Muslim children to modern education and to empower the backward community. But our madrassas have ended up helping Muslims as well as non-Muslims," Rabbi told Al Jazeera.

    "They are not viewed as Muslim-only institutions any more...rather are serving the society as a whole."

    Benefits community

    When the local government began introducing mainstream school curriculum in West Bengal in 2007, several Muslim leaders resisted the government action, terming it as an attack on the madrassas and Islam.

    But now several community leaders have come out in the open in support of the modernisation and other provinces like Maharashtra, Bihar and Kerala have also started revamping the curriculum of their traditional madrassas.

    "We cannot achieve anything substantial until the madrassa system is modernised following the latest trends in the education sector the world over. So, the ongoing modernisation of the madrassas is in the interest of our community," All India Muslim Women's Personal Law Board President, Shaista Amber, told Al Jazeera.

    "Muslims should actively support this process of reform of madrassa education."

    Viewing the introduction of contemporary curriculum to the madrassas as "a fusion between the faith and modern systems of knowledge, especially of science", North Eastern Hill University professor and social activist Prasenjit Biswas said that along with others, the Muslim community is benefitting immensely from the "attractive educational and cultural innovation".

    "Madrassa students learning science would locate themselves at the borderlines of natural sciences and faith as a practice. The fusion results into something like opening of the mind towards newer developments and also turning an open and enlightened mind towards the sacred," Biswas said.

    "This would generate a balanced and refined personality who can negotiate between differences of approach and stand as a bridge between Islam and modernity."

    Bridging communal divide

    Non-Muslim students studying in these madrassas have a special opportunity to get an exposure to Islamic as well as the modern western knowledge systems, and it is creating a new positive orientation to their life by combining the best of both the worldviews, he said.

    "Madrassas based on strong intellectual traditions that draw from other cultures and religions can help overturn the historical divide between Hindus and Muslims, as easy access to Islamic tradition combined with other such traditions shall build up inter-cultural and inter-religious bridges," Biswas said.

    Agreeing to the view of Biswas, Prince Haldar, a 12th grade Hindu student at Orgram madrassa, said that his madrassa education had helped him better understand Islam and had brought him closer to Muslims.

    "Before I came to study in this madrassa, I was told that Islam was a militant religion and Muslims could not be friends of Hindus. I also heard that Muslims were biased against other religions," Prince told Al Jazeera.

    "But now after studying in this madrassa for five years I have found that people have many incorrect beliefs about Islam and Muslims."

    http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/spo...457229891.html

    Madrasas throwing open doors to non-muslim students

    Those who appeared for the board exam doubled

    Shiv Sahay Singh - June 2, 2012

    Madrasas in West Bengal are increasingly opening their doors to non-Muslim students,
    with one of them making it to the merit list of the West Bengal Board of Madrasa Education (WBBME) recently.

    “Not only has the number of non-Muslim candidates appearing in the examination increased this year, but Brajeshawar Maji, a non-Muslim student from Khalatpur High Madrasa in the State's Howrah district also made it to the merit list,” Ghiyasuddin Siddique, president of the board, told The Hindu on Friday.

    He said the candidate scored approximately 80 percent marks, and ranked 97th in the merit list.

    Officials of the WBBME said the number of non-Muslim students who appeared for the board examination this year doubled, compared to last year. Approximately 1590 such examinees — which is more than four per cent of the total number of candidates — appeared in the board examinations held in February this year, they said.

    Interestingly, the number of non-Muslim girls who took the examination is higher than boys. While 723 non-Muslim boys appeared in the examination, the number of girl candidates was 867.

    Nurul Islam, the headmaster of Khalatpur High Madrasa, whose non-Muslim student has made it to the board's merit list, says Hindu students comprise 15 per cent of the entire student strength in his madrasa.

    “We have seen instances where Hindu students leave schools and join our madrasa,” Mr. Islam said.

    He explained madrasas in the State don't limit the curriculum only to subjects like Arabic and Islamic Studies, but give equal emphasis to science, mathematics, and languages, including English.

    “Of the 600 madrasas in the State, only 100 are Senior Madrasas which exclusively teach theology. The remaining are High Madrasas where all subjects, including theology, are taught,” Mr. Islam said.

    It was the High Madrasas which were attracting students from non-Muslim communities, he said.

    Officials of the WBBME claimed that in the past few years, some High Madrasas in the State had more non-Muslim students on their rolls, compared to Muslim students.

    Anwar Hussain, headmaster of the Orgram Chatuspalli High Madrasa in the State's Bardhaman district which had 61 per cent non-Muslim students, said this year a Hindu student from his madrasa scored the highest marks in the board examinations.

    “Prince Halder, a Hindu student, scored the highest marks in our madrasa. He scored well in Islamic studies, and got the highest marks in Arabic,” Mr. Hussain said.

    http://www.thehindu.com/news/nationa...cle3480583.ece

    Why many Hindu students study in Bihar's madrasas

    June 03, 2011

    Sanjay Kumar, Anjali Raj, Balakrishna Sah, Sanam Kumari are all Hindus, but who share one other thing in common: all of them have secured top ranks in Class X (Fauquania) and XII (Maulvi) examinations conducted by the Bihar Madrassa Education Board this year.

    Anjali secured the first rank in Fauquania in the non-Muslim category. Similarly, Sanjay Kumar secured the first rank in Maulvi in the non-Muslim category.

    "Anjali got 805 marks in the non-Muslim category, while another girl, Nasra Khatoon, got 896 marks to secure the first rank in exam in the Muslim category. Anjali's performance is amazing," said Bihar Madrassa Education Board's examination controller Mohammed Mustafa.

    Mustafa said Sanjay got 893 marks to secure top rank in the Maulvi exam in the non-Muslim category, followed by Balakrishna who secured the second rank with 882 marks. Mohammed Malik got 963 marks to secure the first rank in the Muslim category.

    Maulana Ajaj Ahmad, chairman, Madrassa Education Board of Bihar, told rediff.com that Anjali and Sanjay have made a new beginning.

    "Their success shows the rising trend of Hindus girls and boys in madrasa education
    in Bihar. It is something to be encouraged and promoted," he said.

    "Girls, particularly Hindu girls, have been doing better than boys in the Madrassa Board exams for the last few years," he added.

    Sanjay, son of a trader from Semri-Man village of Bettiah district, is keen to pursue the Alim degree (graduation level) of the Madrassa Board.

    "I have made up my mind. I will encourage other Hindu students to opt for madrasa education, for it is inexpensive and enriching," Sanjay said.

    Similarly, Sanam Kumari, a Dalit girl from Bhanachak Darbari Bhagat Tola, which falls under the Manjhauli police station in West Champaran district, who secured the third rank in the Maulvi exam, said she wanted to be an Urdu teacher.

    Madrasa Board officials said that non-Muslims, particularly upper caste Brahmins, in Mithilanchal region in north Bihar comprising Darbhanga, Madhubani and Sitamarhi districts, are keen on sending their children to madrasas to learn Arabic and Persian, Islamic traditions and other modern subjects, with an eye on jobs in the Gulf and in embassies of Muslim nations.

    The trend began about a decade ago. The madrasas charge a low fee for Class X and XII level examinations, which is proving to be an attractive proposition to Hindus in rural Bihar.

    Though the central government began the process of modernising madrasas in 1994, the Bihar government only introduced it in early 2002.

    Under the modernisation scheme, the course was revised to keep it in tune with the curriculum prescribed by the Bihar School Examination Board and the Central Board of Secondary Education.

    "Now we teach all the modern subjects, including physics, chemistry, mathematics, and social sciences," Ahmad said. "After a few Hindu students passed out from the seminaries, they propagated our humane approach. In fact, we are not teaching anything against any religion or anything anti-national as claimed by some," he added.

    Ahmad said that hundreds of Hindu children are studying in madrasas in Bihar, and that the madrasa seminaries attract both the elite and the downtrodden among the Hindus.

    The madrasas provide education free of cost, which is especially attractive to the poorest and marginalised sections of the society.

    Bihar has over 4,000 madrasas
    , including over 1,118 state-run Islamic schools. There are 2,459 unaided madrasas and hundreds more operating in many regions.

    According to the first-ever status paper brought out by the BSMEB, there are only 32 madrasas for girls under the government-aided category and 576 in the unaided category.

    http://www.rediff.com/news/report/wh...s/20110603.htm

    2 Bengal madrasas turn a chapter, more Hindus than Muslims on rolls

    Shiv Sahay Singh - Jan 19 2009

    Madrasas across the country may be under the scanner for imparting Islamic fundamentalist teachings and accused of being factories of narrow orthodoxy, but in West Bengal, there are at least two where Hindu students outnumber Muslims.

    Located about 110 km from Kolkata, the Orgram Chatuspalli High Madrasa in Burdwan district and Kasba MM High Madrasa in Uttar Dinajpur district are known for their academic excellence and secular credentials. While at Orgram, 64 per cent — 555 of the 883 students — are Hindus, at Kasba, 647 of 1,069 students, or 60 per cent, are Hindus.

    "It is not that lack of school facilities has forced the Hindu students in the village to fall back on the madrasa," says Md Younus Ali Baidya, a teacher at Orgram. The Orgram High School, which is Bengali-medium, up to Class XII and affiliated to the West Bengal State Board, is in fact just a stone's throw away. "It is the secular ambience and excellent standard of teaching which draw students," he says. Students leaving the madrasa have a degree equal to higher secondary status.

    Even teachers at the madrasa come from both the communities. Of the 11 teachers at the Orgram madrasa, six teachers are Hindus and five Muslim.

    Most of the students belong to families of agricultural labourers or daily wage earners. The guardians, who themselves lack formal education, have no hesitation in sending their wards to these institutes or having them study Arabic or Islamic Studies. These two subjects are compulsory in senior classes in madrasas and students have to appear for them in their Class X exam under the West Bengal Board of Madrasa Education.

    Kanika Roy, studying in Class X, is one of the best students in Arabic at the Orgram Chatuspalli Madrasa. She can recite "suras" from the Quran and read Arabic as well as her Muslim friends. She also knows the biographies of Islamic saints and one of her favourites is Begum Rokeya, a Muslim social reformer from Bengal.

    At the madrasa, students in lower classes get books free of cost while all girl students are given school uniforms in each session.

    "What will the children do studying only religious scripts? Instead, we lay more emphasis on teaching science and mathematics," says Headmaster Anwar Hussain.

    The madrasa started in a thatched hut in 1975 on land donated by locals. It was affiliated to the West Bengal Board of Madrasa Education in 1980, and in 2005 was granted the status of a High madrasa.

    "When I got a job in the madrasa, I was a little hesitant. But working here I realised how different this place is, a very secular institution," says Suprabhat De, a senior teacher at the madrasa.

    According to the Headmaster of Kasba MM High Madrasa, Md Gulam Mustafa, the institution since its inception in 1980 has drawn students from all segments. "Guardians from the locality prefer putting their wards in the madrasa becaue of its academic excellence. The students are also open to Arabic language and Islamic Studies," he says.

    Like at Orgram, in Dinajpur too, there is a government higher secondary school, Hemtabad, about a kilometre from the Kasba madrasa. However, parents prefer the madrasa. Out of the 11 teachers, three are Hindus.

    "We have students who pull rickshaws to earn their livelihood. We keep in constant touch with the parents and guardians and hold regular meetings to help them with books so that they do not drop out," says the headmaster.

    West Bengal Minister for Minority Development and Madrasa Education Abduss Sattar says the two institutes only highlight the broadbased nature of all madrasas in the state. "As per the figures, about 15 per cent students and 12 per cent teachers in madrasas across the state are Hindus," he says.

    And it's not just in their composition that Orgram and Kasba madrasas are like any other good school. The uniform is fixed, for both girls and boys, and they begin their day hailing the motherland in Bengali and singing the national anthem.

    http://www.indianexpress.com/news/2-...rolls/412421/0

  12. #112
    Member Array
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,325

    Default

    Everyone in India thinks they are 'middle class' and almost no one actually is

    Only 2% of Indians are actually middle income, according to a Pew survey.

    by Rohan Venkataramakrishnan - Jul 10, 2015

    In a country quite as large as India, it's hard to identify anything that actually counts as being in the "middle." Yet most of us claim we are middle-class, no matter where we fall on the spectrum, whether compared to the rest of India or the globe. As far as the Pew Research Center is concerned, all those stories about India's burgeoning middle-class have little to do with reality:India is, as it has always been, woefully poor.

    A Pew Research Center study looking into the break-up of income levels across the world released last week offers a wake-up call for those familiar with headlines in the English press touting the promises of India's massive middle-class. The study, which looked at changes in income levels across the world's population, points out that the first decade of the 2000s saw a dramatic, historic reduction in global poverty. Yet, despite this, the actual number of people who could be considered middle-income remained under 15%.

    The study divided the population in each country into five groups based on a family's daily per-capita consumption or income. The thresholds are based on various things, with $2 being the daily per capita income level under which people are globally considered poor, and $2-$10 fitting people in under the low-income category. As per this measure, the middle-class falls into those who earn between $10 and $20 a day. (As a reminder of how low this still is, the study reminds us that the poverty line in the United States, comes in at around $16 - on the upper end of what this report considers middle income).

    A look at India's break-up, based on these parameters, would leave you asking where that celebrated middle-class actually is.



    Up to 95% of India still qualifies as poor or low-income, the vast majority of India's 1.2 billion citizens.
    For the globe, the equivalent proportion is 71%. As far as middle-income Indians go, only 2% of the country actually falls into this zone, compared to 13% of the globe, which is itself a disappointing number.

    "Although the poverty rate in India fell from 35% in 2001 to 20% in 2011, the share of the Indian population that could be considered middle income increased from 1% to just 3%," the report said. "Instead of a burgeoning middle class, India's ranks of low-income earners swelled. Many of these were people hovering closer to $2 than $10 in daily income, and thus still a way from the transition to middle-income status."




    As the graph shows, most of the Indians who left the poor category travelled into the low-income zone, but the mobility into higher classes proved to be much smaller. Indians are clearly some way away from achieving higher standards for the vast majority of the population, and have been completely eclipsed by its northern neighbour China, which saw its middle-income proportion go up from 3% in 2001 to 18% in 2011.

    What makes it slightly more ironic is the share of Indians who call themselves middle class. Middle income and middle class aren't the same thing, of course, but one would expect a fair amount of overlap between the two categories. Yet research done by Devesh Kapur and Milan Vaishnav based on a multi-year panel survey by the Centre for Advanced Study of India suggests that about half the Indians in practically any bracket - urban, rural, lowest-income, highest-income - all self-identify as middle class.




    The Pew Research Study points out the essential problem with having such a broad definition for middle-class. Although we keep hearing about India's massive middle class, probably because so many Indians think they fall into the category, the reality is that only a tiny amount of Indians qualify to be in a very conservative middle-income category, and the gap in living standards between economically advanced nations and developing ones is not narrowing.

    "The first decade of this century witnessed an historic reduction in global poverty and a near doubling of the number of people who could be considered middle income. But the emergence of a truly global middle class is still more promise than reality," the report said.

    https://scroll.in/article/740011/eve...ne-actually-is


 

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •