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    Default What is Tasawwuf?

    What is Tasawwuf?


    By Khalid Baig

    "Verily, he who has purified the heart is successful and he who has despoiled it has lost."
    A lot of people have misunderstandings about tasawwuf. Many think that it is something beyond Qur'an and Sunnah. Errant Sufis as well as the superficial ulema, although on the opposite ends of the spectrum, are together in holding this mistaken notion. Consequently the first group has shunned the Qur'an and Hadith while the second group has shunned tasawwuf. Actually, although the term tasawwuf, like many other religious terms in use today, evolved later, the discipline is very much part of the Shariah. The department of the Shariah relating to external deeds like salat and zakat is called fiqh while the one dealing with the internal feelings and states of the heart is calledtasawwuf. Both are commanded in the Qur'an. Thus while commanding Salat and Zakat, the Qur'an also commands gratefulness and love of Allah and condemns the evil of pride and vanity. Similarly, in the books of hadith, along with the chapters on Ibadat, trade and commerce, marriage and divorce, are to be found the chapters on riya (showoff) takabbur,akhlaq, etc. These commands are as much a mandatory requirement as the ones dealing with external deeds.
    On reflection it will be realized that all the external deeds are designed for the reformation of the heart. That is the basis of success in the hereafter while its despoiling is the cause of total destruction. This is precisely what is known technically astasawwuf. Its focus is tahzeebe akhlaq or the adornment of character; its motive is the attainment of Divine pleasure; its method is total obedience to the commands of the Shariah.
    Tasawwuf is the soul of Islam. Its function is to purity the heart from the lowly bestial attributes of lust, calamities of the tongue, anger, malice, jealousy, love of the world, love of fame, niggardliness, greed, ostentation, vanity, deception, etc. At the same time it aims at the adornment of the heart with the lofty attributes of repentance, perseverance, gratefulness, fear of Allah, hope, abstention, tauheed, trust, love, sincerity, truth, contemplation, etc.
    To diagnose and treat the diseases of the heart normally requires the help of an expert mentor or Shaikh. Here are the qualities of a good Shaikh.
    1. He possesses necessary religious knowledge.
    2. His beliefs, habits, and practices are in accordance with the Shariah.
    3. He does not harbor greed for the worldly wealth.
    4. He has himself spent time learning from a good Shaikh.
    5. The scholars and good mashaikh of his time hold good opinion about him.
    6. His admirers are mostly from among the people who have good understanding of religion.
    7. Most of his followers follow the Shariah and are not the seekers after this world.
    8. He sincerely tries to educate and morally train his followers. If he sees anything wrong in them, he corrects it.
    9. In his company one can feel a decrease in the love of this world and an increase in the love for Allah.
    10. He himself regularly performs dhikr and shughal (spiritual exercises).

    [Condensed from writings of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi]

    More @ http://www.albalagh.net/general/what_is_tasawwuf.shtml
    Last edited by islamirama; Oct-27-2016 at 02:35 PM. Reason: Message shortened with link to full passage

  2. #2
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    Did you scan this? It's a lot to read

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    Yes, More recourses:
    http://www.masud.co.uk/ISLAM/nuh/sufitlk.htm
    Perhaps the biggest challenge in learning Islam correctly today is the scarcity of traditional ‘ulama. In this meaning, Bukhari relates the sahih, rigorously authenticated hadith that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said,
    "Truly, Allah does not remove Sacred Knowedge by taking it out of servants, but rather by taking back the souls of Islamic scholars [in death], until, when He has not left a single scholar, the people take the ignorant as leaders, who are asked for and who give Islamic legal opinion without knowledge, misguided and misguiding" (Fath al-Bari, 1.194, hadith 100).

    http://www.islamicperspectives.com/tasawwuf.htm
    What is Islamic tasawwuf (Sufi Islam) and why does it look so mysterious? Genuine Islamic tasawwuf is the very heart and soul of Islam itself. Like everything else, Islam has two sides: an outside (zahir) and an inside (batin). The outside of Islam consists of statements of beliefs that Muslims must profess as well as laws and principles that must govern their personal and collective lives. The inside of Islam is faith and love, light and a life of contact with the Unseen. The outside of Islam is the main concern of such Islamic sciences as kalam (theology), fiqh (jurisprudence) and Shari'ah (law). The inside of Islam is the main source of Islamic tasawwuf. The Holy Qur'an says that the purpose of the coming of the Prophet of Islam was, among other things, to bring men from darkness to light, give them gifts of faith and divine love in a way that gives them a new spiritual life:
    http://www.masud.co.uk/ISLAM/misc/shafiqur.htm
    http://www.islaam.org/Tasawwuf/Tas_con.htm
    TASAWWUF
    THE NATURE OF TASAWWUF
    The department of the Shari'at relating to A'maal-e Baatini (esoteric acts or states of the heart) is called Tasawwuf and Sulook; and, the department of the Shari'at relating to A'maal-e Zaahiri (exoteric acts or
    physical acts) is called Fiqh. The subject matter dealt with by Tasawwuf is Tahzeeb-e Akhlaaq or the adornment of character while the motive of this branch of the Shari'at is the attainment of Divine Pleasure. The method of acquisition of this Divine Pleasure is total obedience to the commands of the Shari'at.
    Tasawwuf in fact is the rooh (soul) and state of perfection of the Deen. Its function is to purify the Baatin (the heart) of man from the lowly bestial attributes of lust, calamities of the tongue, anger, malice, jealousy, love of the world, love for fame, niggardliness, greed, ostentation, vanity, deception, etc. At the same time it (Tasawwuf) aims at the adornment of the heart with the lofty attributes of repentance, perseverance, gratefulness, fear of Allah, hope, abstention, Tauheed, trust, love sincerity, truth, meditation, reckoning, contemplation, etc. In this way, attention towards Allah Ta'ala is inculcated in man. This is in fact the purpose of life. Tasawwuf orTareeqat is therefore not at all negatory of the Deen and Shari'at. On the contrary it is incumbent for every Muslim to become a Sufi(one who follows the path of Tasawwuf). Minus Tasawwuf, a Muslim cannot truly be described as a perfect Muslim.
    THE NEED FOR TASAWWUF
    TASAWWUF AND THE QUR’AAN

    http://www.islaam.org/Tasawwuf/Tasa_1.htm

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    Why Am I Empty? - By: Yasmin Mogahed


    Need more zikr


    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mJHh7oNgCCg

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    MasaLLah, its a lengthy and great explaination, I hope everyone benefit from reading it.Masa ALLah.

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    Salaam,

    When Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (RA) was asked, "What is Tasawwuf?" They replied.. "Having Good character".

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    Tasawwuf is acceptable in only some Aqidas. Not everyone acknowledges it. Isn't it so?

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    Tasawwuf
    What Is Tasawwuf ?
    Tasawwuf is a branch of Islamic knowledge which focuses on the spiritual development of the Muslim.
    Allah sent His final messenger, Prophet Muhammad , as a source of knowledge for the entire ummah. He was the fountain of Quran, Hadith, tafsir, rhetoric, fiqh, and so on. After the Prophet, the scholars of this ummah carried and propagated each of these branches of knowledge. Because no one person can attain the perfection of the Prophet , who single handedly assumed all of these roles, various branches of the Islamic sciences developed. For example, Imam Abu Hanifah preserved the science of fiqh and after him thousands of scholars continued in his footsteps. Hence these scholars preserved the fiqh of the Prophet . Similarly Imam Bukhari and the other famous scholars of Hadith, preserved the words of the Prophet. The scholars of tajweed preserved the recitation of the Prophet . And, the scholars of Arabic grammar preserved the language of the Prophet .
    Along these lines, the Prophet was the model of spirituality for the world. His God-consciousness, deep spirituality, acts of worship, and love for Allah were preserved and propagated by an Islamic science called Tasawwuf. The aim of the scholars of this science was purification of the heart, and development of consciousness of Allah through submission to the shariah and sunnah.
    How is Tasawwuf Related to Sufism?
    Studying the life of the Prophet , the scholars who propagated the science of tasawwuf understood that a requisite for approaching Allah was abandonment of the common pursuits of the world. They often wore wool because of its simplicity and low cost. In Arabic the word for wool is suf and thus, those who wore it became known as the Sufis. Another possible derivation of the word comes from the root word safa, which means “to clean.” Because the scholars of tasawwuf focused on cleansing the heart, they later became known as the Sufis.


    http://tasawwuf.org/


    http://bayanats.com/index%20of%20Bay...0Mim%20Keller/

    http://bayanats.com/index%20of%20Bay...g-of-bidah.mp3

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    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TX6uAsRQN9Q

    The Power of Dhikr | Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi

    In this seminar held at the 'Global Peace and Unity' event in London (Oct 2010), Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi talks about dhikr, its various meanings and benefits. The Q&A session at the end covers topics such as the need for a spiritual guide, reciting the Names of Allah, and dhikr from the Sunna.

    More:https://www.youtube.com/results?sear...oubi+-tasfwoof

  11. #11
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    Lot of Tasawwuf based material is sufi based and exaggerated and a deviance according to the Quran and the Sunnah. Most of Southeast Asia is influenced by these sufis and thus we see such material coming out of there so much. Much of the posts here are sufi based. It's fine if you want to share these as view point of the sufi, but it shoudl be known to the readers that the material presented here is of the view of the sufi sect and not mainstream Islam.

    Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi is a syrian sufi scholar belonging to sufi order of Shadhili.

    Also, the very first post on this thread is :

    What is Tasawwuf?
    By Khalid Baig
    [Condensed from writings of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi]


    It is important to know that Ashraf Ali thanvi al deobandi showed disrespect to prophet in his book hifzul iman , page 7, where he compared the knowledge of the prophet with the knowledge of animals, children and every insane person.

    For this anti Islamic writing, two hundred and sixty eight scholars from the Indian subcontinent and thirty three scholars from harmayn sherifain declared the fatwa (verdict) of kufr upon Ashraf ali thanvi al deobandi.

    http://letsknowtruth.blogspot.com/20...-analysis.html


    This fatwa was issued in 1320 A.H (1900 AD) by the Saliheen 'Ulamaa of Haram Shareef and the great holy places before the Saudi Wahaabi Najdi forced themselves into power.

    The subject that has been given the Islamic Sentence of Kufr are those insolent and degrading statements written by the Deobandi Maulvis who have clearly insulted the Holy Prophet's (sallalahu alaihi wasallam) dignity and character.

    The following statements have been thoroughly investigated and issued with the Fatwa of Kufr.
    1. Statement from the book 'Hifzul Imaan' stating that the Holy Prophet's knowledge of the unseen (Ilme-e-Ghaib) is the same as Zain or Amar or children, madmen, animals and four-legged beasts, written by Ashraf Ali Thanvi.

    This Fatwa was presented to the great 'Ulamaa and Islamic Jurists of Harmain Tayyibain to ask for their opinion. Thirty three 'Ulamaa of Makkah and Madeena Shareef have their verdict that these Deobandi Maulvis had definitely performed Kufr.

    Readers who are interested in looking at the complete Fatawa should read the book 'Hussamul Harmain Ala Manhar Al-Kufr Wal Main', where the original Arabic Text and its Urdu translations are given. Extracts from views of some of the above 'Ulamaa are given below.

    http://sunnatemuhammad.blogspot.com/...i-maulvis.html


 

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